metic, Greek Metoikos, in ancient Greece, any of the resident aliens, including freed slaves. Metics were found in most states except Sparta. In Athens, where they were most numerous, they occupied an intermediate position between visiting foreigners and citizens, having both privileges and duties.
What were the rights of metics in ancient Athens?
Although metics were barred from the assembly and from serving as jurors, they did have the same access to the courts as citizens. They could both prosecute others and be prosecuted themselves. A great many migrants came to Athens to do business and were in fact essential to the Athenian economy.
Could the metics vote in Athens?
Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions that affected the city and serve on juries. However, democracy was not open to everyone. Citizen women and children were not allowed to vote. Slaves and foreigners living in Athens (known as metics) were banned from participating in government.
Who owned slaves in Athens?
They were even forced to wear humiliating clothing to identify them as slaves! In Athens, the lives of slaves were somewhat better. Slaves were privately owned in Athens, and each new slave was welcomed into the family with a ceremony. Slaves in Athens often worked with free citizens, although they were not paid.
Why did metics not have the full rights of citizens?
Metics Weren’t Given the Rights of Citizens
Among these disadvantages was that they had to pay a military duty as well as additional taxes called “eisphora” and, if they were wealthy, contributing to special civil projects such as helping other wealthy Athenians pay for a warship.
How were slaves treated in Athens?
Q: How were slaves in Athens treated? Slaves in ancient Greece were treated like pieces of property. For Aristotle they were ‘a piece of property that breathes’. They enjoyed different degrees of freedom and were treated kindly or cruelly depending on the personality of the owner.
Who were the slaves in ancient Athens?
Athenian slaves were the property of their master (or of the state), who could dispose of them as he saw fit. He could give, sell, rent, or bequeath them. A slave could have a spouse and child, but the slave family was not recognized by the state, and the master could scatter the family members at any time.
Could slaves in Athens buy their freedom?
Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. … Next in status were domestic slaves who, under certain circumstances, might be allowed to buy their own freedom.
How many Metics did Athens have?
The system came to an end in Hellenistic Athens, when the purchase of citizenship became very frequent. The census of 317 BC gave 21,000 citizens, 10,000 metics and 400,000 slaves in Attica.
Who could not vote in ancient Athens?
The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.
Why did ancient Athens have slaves?
Probably the most common source of slaves for Athens was trade with foreign countries, through which people that other countries had enslaved through war and piracy would be sold. Slaves in Athens took on a wide variety of roles, including menial labor, domestic jobs, technical crafts, and more.
Could slaves become citizens in Athens and Rome?
They were rarely permitted out in public and were even restricted as to where they could be within their own homes. Slaves and foreigners were not citizens and also could not participate in the democracy. In the end, democracy existed only for the free men who were originally from Athens.
What race were slaves in ancient Greece?
Most slaves were prisoners of war (mostly against other Greek city states or in their colonial expansion) or were debtors or convicts. There were also imported “barbarians” either by trade or the wars that weren’t against their fellow Greeks.
Can metics serve in the army?
Metics were foreigners living in Athens. They were expected to perform military service, and they could send their sons to school. But they could not own property without permission, and they could not vote or hold government positions.
How many slaves escaped Athens to Spartan fortified Decelea according to Thucydides?
The fortification of Decelea prevented the shipment of supplies overland to Athens, and forced all supplies to be brought in by sea at increased expense. Perhaps worst of all, the nearby silver mines were totally disrupted, with as many as 20,000 Athenian slaves freed by the Spartan hoplites at Decelea.
How were foreigners treated in Athens?
In and around Athens there were tens of thousands of resident foreigners, known as metics. … Metics had a citizen sponsor, registered with the authorities, and paid taxes. They received some legal protection, but they did not enjoy full citizen rights, such as voting and owning land.