Did ancient Athens have lawyers?

In the Athenian legal system, there were no professional lawyers, though well-known speechwriters such as Demosthenes composed speeches which were delivered by, or on behalf of others. These speechwriters have been described as being as close as a function of a modern lawyer as the Athenian legal system would permit.

Did ancient Athens have justice?

Athens valued justice and they had many different reforms as different challenges arose. The Athenian law court was large and decisions were made by majority. The courts could also exile those from society who were gaining too much power and could become tyrants.

What was the rule of law in ancient Athens?

Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle outlines the Rule of Law in this work titled Politics. The Rule of Law is a principle that all people and organizations within a country, state, or community are held accountable to the same set of laws. Therefore, people should be ruled by the best laws. …

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How Athenians structured their laws?

The laws were inscribed on large stone blocks erected in various public areas of Athens. … There was no system of precedent through case-law since there were no Athenian law reports. Verdicts were not regularly recorded and in any case the jury did not reveal the reasons for its decision.

Did ancient Athens have police?

The Scythian archers were a hypothesized police force of 5th- and early 4th-century BC Athens that is recorded in some Greek artworks and literature. … They acted for a group of eleven elected Athenian magistrates “who were responsible for arrests and executions and for some aspects of public order” in the city.

What laws did Athens have?

Athens had laws covering personal property and providing for damages if that personal property was ruined or stolen. The Greeks even had a law protecting trademarks. The Greeks distinguished between premeditated murder and accidental killing. Murderers were sentenced to capital punishment or permanent exile.

What is the best known legal system of ancient Greece?

The dicasts were selected by lot, every citizen over 30 years old being eligible. In rare cases of great political importance, the whole hēliaia (i.e., the popular assembly organized as a court of 6,001 men) was convened.

Did the ancient Greeks have laws?

Ancient Greek law consists of the laws and legal institutions of Ancient Greece. … The general unity of Greek law shows mainly in the laws of inheritance and adoption, in laws of commerce and contract, and in the publicity uniformly given to legal agreements.

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Did Athens have written laws?

According to Plutarch, when Solon revised the laws of Athens in the 6th century BCE , he wrote the new laws on wooden tablets (Plut. … By inscribing laws, either on wood or in stone, and setting them in a public place, knowledge of the laws was made available to all citizens, rather than to a small elite.

What laws did ancient Greece have?

Draco and Solon

Solon wrote many of the laws that were used in Athenian courts. There were four types of laws: Tort Laws, Family Laws, Public Laws, and Procedural Laws.

Is Greece civil law or common law?

Greece is a civil law country, and thus jurisprudence is not considered as a source of law. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land, although article 28 of the Greek Constitution provides that international conventions ratified by Greece as well as EU legislation shall prevail over any other provision of law.

How many Athenians could vote?

Size and make-up of the Athenian population

Citizen families could have amounted to 100,000 people and out of these some 30,000 would have been the adult male citizens entitled to vote in the assembly.

How was a trial in ancient Athens different from one today?

Unlike a modern trial, in which evidence is presented in a highly fragmented form and later synthesized into a coherent case by the attorneys’ summation, Athenian litigants provided a largely uninterrupted narrative of their case punctuated with the reading of evidence; in an Athenian court the evidence did not make …

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Did ancient Greece have innocent until proven guilty?

In the United States when a person is charged with a crime, no matter how serious, you are innocent until you are proven guilty. Following is the story in Greece: After the Dark Ages about 1200 – 900BC and beginning at about 900 BC, the Ancient Greeks had no official laws or punishment.

Did the Romans have police?

The Vigiles or more properly the Vigiles Urbani (“watchmen of the City”) or Cohortes Vigilum (“cohorts of the watchmen”) were the firefighters and police of Ancient Rome.

What are police called in Paris?

There are two national police forces called “Police nationale” and “Gendarmerie nationale”. The Prefecture of Police of Paris provides policing services directly to Paris as a subdivision of France’s Ministry of the Interior.