Frequent question: What happened to Athens during the Peloponnesian War?

Athens did not crumble as expected, winning a string of naval victories against Sparta, which sought monetary and weapons support from the Persian Empire. … By in 405 B.C. Lysander decimated the Athenian fleet in battle and then held Athens under siege, forcing it to surrender to Sparta in 404 B.C.

What happened to Athens as a result of the Peloponnesian War?

Athens. Democracy in Athens was briefly overthrown in 411 BCE as a result of its poor handling of the Peloponnesian War. … During the Thirty Tyrants’ rule, five percent of the Athenian population was killed, private property was confiscated, and democratic supporters were exiled.

What caused Athens to lose Peloponnesian?

In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons.

How did Athens fall?

Tensions within the Delian League brought about the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE), during which Athens was defeated by its rival, Sparta. Athens lost further power when the armies of Philip II defeated an alliance of Greek city-states.

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What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War?

What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War? … the war left Greece exhausted and vulnerable to attack. Persia was able to take advantage of Greek divisions to complete its conquest. Sparta’s victory propelled it to lasting domination of Greece.

Why did Athens and Sparta fight?

The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.

Why did Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta and her allies won the Peloponnesian Wars due to the strength of the Spartan military, poor Athenian choices made in battle, and the physical state of Athens by the end of the war. Athens and Sparta were both Greek city-states that played major roles from the beginning of time.

What 5 reasons prompted the Peloponnesian War?

Thucydides on the Cause of the Peloponnesian War

  • Sparta was jealous of other powers and desired more power for itself.
  • Sparta was unhappy at no longer having all the military glory.
  • Athen bullied its allies and neutral cities.
  • There was a conflict among city-states between competing political ideologies.

What advantage did Athens have during the Peloponnesian War?

Athens did not have such a strong army as Sparta, but its navy was better developed. Athens did have another advantage, which was that many of their allies gave them financial support. The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens.

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Who defeated Athens?

Philip’s decisive victory came in 338 BC, when he defeated a combined force from Athens and Thebes. A year later Philip formed the League of Corinth which established him as the ruler, or hegemon, of a federal Greece. Democracy in Athens had finally come to an end.

Who lost the Peloponnesian War?

Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta.

Did Athens ever beat Sparta?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

What effect did the Peloponnesian War have on the city states?

All Greek city-states were weakened by the war. Many casualties. Farms were destroyed. The war made it difficult for the Greeks to trust each other and made future unification nearly impossible.