Pericles’ death was significant. The Athenians had lost one of their greatest leaders. But even if the policies of Pericles had not been abandoned by the feeble Athenian democracy, the cost of the war would have proved too great and thus Athenian defeat was inevitable.
How did Pericles affect Athens?
Pericles is credited with instilling Athenian democracy and ushering in the Golden Age of Athens.
Why is Pericles Funeral Oration important?
The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are willing to die for their city.
What happened in Athens that weakened them and killed Pericles?
The Athenians experienced a major setback when a plague broke out in 430 B.C. Between one-third and two-thirds of the Athenian population died, including the prominent general Pericles.
Who led Athens after Pericles died?
Cleon, (died 422 bc, Amphipolis, Macedonia), the first prominent representative of the commercial class in Athenian politics, he became leader of the Athenian democracy in 429 after the death of his political enemy, Pericles.
How did Pericles improve Athens?
Pericles promoted the arts and literature, and it is principally through his efforts that Athens acquired the reputation of being the educational and cultural center of the ancient Greek world. He started an ambitious project that generated most of the surviving structures on the Acropolis, including the Parthenon.
How did Pericles improve the Athenian empire?
Pericles strengthened democracy in Athens by paying public officials. Pericles expanded the empire by building a strong naval fleet. Pericles rebuilt and beautified Athens.
What is Pericles funeral oration about summary?
Pericles was a famous Greek general. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. He stated that the soldiers who died gave their lives to protect the city of Athens, its citizens, and its freedom. …
What values are considered important in Athenian society according to Pericles in the funeral oration in Thucydides?
In fact, Pericles sees Athens as having the ultimate possible government; the one best conducive to freedom, liberty, courage, honor, and justice – the values most honored by the Athenians.
Was Pericles a good public speaker?
Pericles himself was a master orator. His speeches and elegies (as recorded and possibly interpreted by Thucydides) celebrate the greatness of a democratic Athens at its peak. The most famous among them is his “Funeral Oration,” a speech given after the first year of the Peloponnesian War to commemorate the war dead.
What caused the downfall of Athens?
Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders. Their arrogance was a result of great leadership in the Persian Wars, and it led to the end of Athenian power in Greece.
Was the plague of Athens Ebola?
Now three medical researchers and a classics professor are suggesting that the Plague of Athens (circa 430-425 B.C.) was, in fact, an attack of Ebola, the modern world’s most vicious virus (up to 90 percent of those stricken with Ebola die) and, for a while, the world’s most celebrated.
How did Pericles influence the functioning of Athenian government?
Pericles influenced government and culture in Athens by making Athens a more democratic city-state, by rebuilding Athens, and by making Athens a center of learning and the arts. … Pericles allowed all people to participate in government, which also made Athens more of a direct democracy.
Who hated Pericles?
Due to his popularity, Pericles was much hated by his political opponents, who in 432 BC accused him, his companion Aspasia and their friends of immorality.
What challenges did Pericles face?
Pericles’s actions on behalf of the Athenian Empire led to increased problems with Sparta. In 447–446 the storm broke within the empire, with many regions rising up: Athens’s power in Boeotia collapsed, Euboea revolted, Megara broke free from Athenian occupation, and Sparta invaded Attica.
Did Sparta defeat Athens?
When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.