In the Greek language, verbs are grouped together according to their conjugations. Each conjugation has its own specific set of endings. The Greek verb can take many forms, which may indicate five properties: person, number, voice, tense, and mood.
How do you conjugate in Greek?
How to Conjugate the Verb “To Have” in Greek
- I have a cat – έχω μία γάτα – eho mia gata.
- You have a cat – Εχεις μία γάτα – ehees mia gata.
- He, she, it has a cat – αυτός, αυτή, αυτό έχει μια γάτα – aftos, afti, afto ehee mia gata.
- We have a cat – Εμείς έχουμε μια γάτα – emees ehoume mia gata.
Does modern Greek have declensions?
Greek is a largely synthetic (inflectional) language. … Nouns, adjectives and verbs are each divided into several inflectional classes (declension classes and conjugation classes), which have different sets of endings.
Is Greek highly inflected?
Let us turn now to Greek words: what they mean, how to form them, and how to understand them. … Greek, however, is a highly INFLECTED language. In other words, Greek INFLECTS, or changes, its verbs, nouns, pronouns, and adjectives to represent exactly how each of these words functions grammatically in a sentence.
How many Greek articles are there?
In English, there are two articles: “the” is the definite article, and “a” is the indefinite article. Greek has only one article – since there are 24 forms for it, they couldn’t afford a second one.
What are the pronouns in Greek?
1. Personal Pronouns in Greek
- εγώ (egó) — “I”
- εσύ (esí) — “you”
- αυτός (aftós) — “he”
- αυτή (aftí) — “she”
- αυτό (aftó) — “it”
- εμείς (emís) — “we”
- εσείς (esís) — “you”
- αυτοί (aftí) — “they” (masculine)
What is the middle voice in the Greek?
The Greek verb has three VOICES, the active, middle, and passive. … The middle voice denotes that the subject is both an agent of an action and somehow concerned with the action. The passive voice is used to show that the subject of the verb is acted on.
Is there a future tense in Greek?
#1 The Simple Future
In my favourite Grammar for Greek learners, Greek: An Essential Grammar of the Modern Language, this tense is also called Perfective Future and it’s the most common in everyday speaking. It’s formed by θα + the perfective stem – which is also called the “aorist theme/stem”.
How do you say past simple in Greek?
Two syllable verbs take “ε“ in the front to form the past tense. Verbs with ending –πω,-βω,-φω,-εύω and –αύω, like : επιτρέπω,θάβω,βάφω,πιστεύω.
Do Greek verbs have gender?
Persons. The usual three persons (1st, 2nd, and 3rd) exist in Greek as in English, with the simplification that when a verb appears in the 3rd person, there is no pronoun (“he”, “she”, “it”) prepended to specify its gender. Verbs appear in a simple 3rd-person form, in both the singular and plural.
Are Greek words masculine or feminine?
In the Greek language, there are three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Each noun in Greek has a specific gender and—unlike in English—these genders don’t only apply exclusively to nouns referring to people, but also to nouns that refer to things or animals.
Are there genders in Greek?
The GENDER of Greek nouns is assigned arbitrarily. Some nouns are Masculine, some are Feminine, and some are Neuter. Each GENDER has different endings, but the key way to distinguish them is by the form of the Greek word for ‘the’ or the word for ‘a’.
What is a mood in Greek?
Moods are forms of the verb that express how the action or event is presented by the speaker. There are three moods in Greek: the indicative, the subjunctive and the imperative. … The indicative mood (οριστική) presents the action or the event as something real or certain, in other words as an objective fact.
What is the imperative mood in Greek?
In oral speech the Imperative is used frequently in order to express a command, a request or prohibition. This post is an introduction to the Imperative Mood with examples on its use. 1. Συνεχής (Continuous) Πρόσεχε τον εαυτό σου. / Take care of yourself.
Is Greek hard to learn?
Despite the fact that Greek roots are found throughout the English language, Greek is among the hardest languages for English speakers to learn, according to studies conducted by the US Department of State.