Question: Why were the Athens forced to surrender?

Under the Spartan general Lysander, the war raged for another decade. By in 405 B.C. Lysander decimated the Athenian fleet in battle and then held Athens under siege, forcing it to surrender to Sparta in 404 B.C.

Why did Athens have to surrender?

In 405, the Spartan admiral Lysander defeated the Athenians at Aigospotamoi. This meant the end of the Peloponnesian War, because from now on, Athens no longer controlled the sea and could no longer import food supplies. … There were tens of thousands of hungry Athenians, and in the end, the city decided to surrender.

Why did Athens and Sparta go to war?

The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.

How did Athens fall?

Tensions within the Delian League brought about the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE), during which Athens was defeated by its rival, Sparta. Athens lost further power when the armies of Philip II defeated an alliance of Greek city-states.

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What 5 reasons prompted the Peloponnesian War?

Thucydides on the Cause of the Peloponnesian War

  • Sparta was jealous of other powers and desired more power for itself.
  • Sparta was unhappy at no longer having all the military glory.
  • Athen bullied its allies and neutral cities.
  • There was a conflict among city-states between competing political ideologies.

Who won Sparta or Athens?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.

What war did Athens and Sparta fight and how did it end?

The Peloponnesian War was fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. It lasted from 431 BC to 404 BC. Athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of Ancient Greece.

Did Spartans ever surrender?

It is often said that the Spartan warriors never retreated and never surrendered. At the battle of Sphacteria, the Spartans not only lost to a force of mostly light infantry, but they were forced into a shameful surrender that changed the dynamics of the war. …

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

First of all, as Sparta claimed, they spared them because of their great contribution during the Persian wars. In those wars Athens was one of the leaders of the coaliation and its men and ships helped won several battles that saved the Greek city-states, most notably Marathon and Salamis.

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How did Athens beat Sparta?

Under the Spartan general Lysander, the war raged for another decade. By in 405 B.C. Lysander decimated the Athenian fleet in battle and then held Athens under siege, forcing it to surrender to Sparta in 404 B.C.

Who defeated Athens?

Philip’s decisive victory came in 338 BC, when he defeated a combined force from Athens and Thebes. A year later Philip formed the League of Corinth which established him as the ruler, or hegemon, of a federal Greece. Democracy in Athens had finally come to an end.

Why did the Greek empire collapse?

There were many reasons for the decline of ancient Greece. One primary reason was the fighting between the various city-states and the inability to form alliances with each other during a time of invasion by a stronger opponent like ancient Rome.

What caused Athens to lose Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

What did Sparta gain from the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key Greek states, including the elite Athenian navy.

Who won the Persian war?

Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

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