Quick Answer: How is the Greek island of Thera otherwise known?

Thera, Modern Greek Thíra, also called Santorin, or Santoríni, island, southernmost island of the Cyclades (Modern Greek: Kykládes) group, southeastern Greece, in the Aegean Sea, sometimes included in the Southern Sporades group.

How is the Greek island of Thira otherwise known?

Santorini, also known as Thira or Thera, is a beautiful Greek island. Santorini is the southernmost of the major Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea, the closest one to Crete. This is one of the most-visited Greek islands, for good reason.

Is Thira another name for Santorini?

Santorini (Greek: Σαντορίνη, pronounced [sandoˈrini]), officially Thira (Greek: Θήρα [ˈθira]) and classic Greek Thera (English pronunciation /ˈθɪərə/), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast from the Greek mainland.

What is Thera famous for?

The volcano at Thera (later known as the Greek island of Santorini) exploded with what is estimated at four to five times the eruptive force of Krakatoa in 1883, blowing a hole into the Aegean isle and sending out shock waves that, according to historians, would reverberate for centuries to come.

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Is Santorini and Thera the same?

Santorini, or Thera as it is officially called, is a small Greek island, with an area of 96 km2, in the southern Aegean Sea. It belongs to a group of islands, called Cyclades, which consists of numerous islands that share the same characteristics and architecture.

What happened to the island of Thera?

In 1646 BC a massive volcanic eruption, perhaps one of the largest ever witnessed by mankind, took place at Thera (present day Santorini), an island in the Aegean not far from Crete. … Possibly as many as 20,000 people were killed as a result of the volcanic explosion.

Is Thera located on the Ring of Fire?

Located at the south-east of the Hellenic arc (a less volatile version of the Pacific ‘Ring of Fire’) that starts at Kameino Vouno on the Peloponnese, Thera was, until the first part of the Mediterranean Late Bronze Age (beginning c. 1600 BCE), an island of roughly circular shape.

Why was Thera renamed Santorini?

At the end of the 12th century BC, the Dorians from Sparta created a colony on the island and they named it after their king Theras, son of Autesion. … The names Thera and, of course, Santorini are the predominant and the most well-known.

Why is Santorini called Thera?

How Santorini was named Thera : The name Thera comes from the commander Theras, son of Autesion of Sparta, who, as Herodotus of Alikarnassos (484-424 BC) tells us, had lead earlier colonists to Kalliste.

What type of volcano is Thera?

Minoan eruption

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Minoan eruption of Thera
Volcano Thera
Date between 1642 and 1540 BCE (see below)
Type Ultra Plinian
Location Santorini, Cyclades, Aegean Sea 36°25′N 25°26′ECoordinates: 36°25′N 25°26′E

What is the meaning of Thera?

Thera. / (ˈθɪərə) / noun. a Greek island in the Aegean Sea, in the Cyclades: site of a Minoan settlement and of the volcano that ended Minoan civilization on Crete. Pop: 13 402 (2001)Also called: Santoríni Modern Greek name: Thíra.

How was Thera formed?

Prior to 1620 BC, the island of Santorini, now known as Thera, was built up by layers of lava created by overlapping shield volcanoes, and it had experienced three significant eruptions that formed overlapping calderas, or collapsed magma chambers.

How did Thera erupt?

The Thera eruption is thought to have occurred about 1500 bce, although, on the basis of evidence obtained during the 1980s from a Greenland ice-core and from tree-ring and radiocarbon dating, some scholars believe that it occurred earlier, possibly during the 1620s bce.

How old is Thera?

It was named after the mythical ruler of the island, Theras, and is known to have been inhabited by Greek Minoans as early as the 15th century BC when the volcano erupted resulting in a significant change to the shape of the island and killing many of the Minoan inhabitants.

Who founded Thera?

The city was founded by Dorian colonists sometime from the 9th century BC. According to mythology – Theras (a descendant of the Phoenician ruler Cadmus and son of the king of Thebes, Autesion) established the city, naming the island and his new settlement, Thera.

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Who is Thera in Greek mythology?

Thera is the third female Titan identified in the God of War series, the first being Gaia, Titan Goddess of the Earth, and the second being Rhea, the mother of Zeus. Thera is an original character in the game as the Titan does not exist in Greek mythology.