Was Melos an ally of Athens?

The Athenians did claim suzerainty, and in 425 they demanded tribute from Melos (along with many other states that they did not, in fact, control). But Melos was not annexed or forced into alliance. A perfunctory operation occurred in 426, when the Athenians ravaged Melian land and quickly withdrew to another theater.

Who was Melos ally?

Athenian Interest in Melos

In 416 BC, Athens and its allies, the Delian League, controlled all of the Aegean Sea with the exception of the island of Melos. The Delian League was able to accomplish this through their strong navy, which encompassed countless triremes.

Why did the Athenians want Melos?

The siege of Melos occurred in 416 BC during the Peloponnesian War, which was a war fought between Athens and Sparta. … Athens invaded Melos in the summer of 416 BC and demanded that the Melians surrender and pay tribute to Athens or face annihilation. The Melians refused, so the Athenians laid siege to their city.

What alliances did Athens have?

The Delian League (or Athenian League) was an alliance of Greek city-states led by Athens.

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Was Pericles good or bad for Athens?

Pericles is considered by many to be the supreme practitioner of ancient statecraft who broadened the Athenian democracy to include more citizens than ever before and brought Athens to unprecedented heights of influence and glory.

Was Melos a Spartan colony?

Melos was an island in the Aegean Sea, between Greece and the Persian Empire. Although it had originally been a Spartan colony, it had recently been independent and neutral. Melos had not taken sides with either Athens or Sparta in the war.

When did Sparta and Athens work together?

The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …

Is Attica the same as Athens?

Attica, Modern Greek Attikí, ancient district of east-central Greece; Athens was its chief city. … The modern department (nomós) of Attica has its administrative centre at Athens (Modern Greek: Athína) and extends farther west than the ancient district, taking in Megara on the Isthmus of Corinth (Korinthiakós).

Why won’t the melians give in to Athens?

The Athenians counter that only the strong have a right to indulge in hope; the weak Melians are hopelessly outnumbered. The Melians state that they also refuse because they believe they have the assistance of the gods.

When were Athens and Sparta allies?

Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E.), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city-state was strong enough to conquer the others.

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Who were Athens rivals?

The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed.

Who were Athens enemies?

Sparta and Athens fought a long war, called the Peloponnesian War, from 431 to 404BC. Only the threat of invasion by a foreign enemy made the Greeks forget their quarrels and fight on the same side. Their biggest enemy were the Persians, who came from an area around modern day Iran.

What did Plutarch think of Pericles?

The causes of the Peloponnesian War have been much debated, but many ancient historians lay the blame on Pericles and Athens. Plutarch seems to believe that Pericles and the Athenians incited the war, scrambling to implement their belligerent tactics “with a sort of arrogance and a love of strife”.

What did Pericles do for Athens?

Pericles was an Athenian statesman who played a large role in developing democracy in Athens and helped make it the political and cultural center of ancient Greece. Pericles was born in 495 B.C.E. in Athens to an aristocratic family.

What were Pericles flaws?

Weakness of Pericles’ strategy

The overcrowding had an unforeseeable consequence in a plague, which in the second summer of the war took a quarter of the population. No obvious success counterbalanced the discomforts of war, and Pericles was deposed from office and fined.