What did Persians do when they arrived at Athens?

The Persian army continued to march on Greece. When they arrived at the city of Athens, they found it deserted. … The Athenian fleet, however, was waiting off the coast by the island of Salamis. The much larger Persian fleet attacked the small Athenian ships.

Why were the Persians angry at the Athenians?

Darius I’s anger for Athens grew, because of the aid they provided to the Ionians, and gave him the incentive to invade Greece. The rebellion had clearly shown that the empire was unstable, and vulnerable to internal conflicts.

Why did Persia punish Athens?

The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. These cities had supported the cities of Ionia during their revolt against Persian rule, thus incurring the wrath of Darius.

Who won the Persian War?

Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

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Who started the Persian War?

The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. Athens, and other Greek cities, sent aid, but were quickly forced to back down after defeat in 494 BCE. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians.

How did the Persian Empire fall?

Fall of the Persian Empire

The Persian Empire entered a period of decline after a failed invasion of Greece by Xerxes I in 480 BC. The costly defense of Persia’s lands depleted the empire’s funds, leading to heavier taxation among Persia’s subjects.

What were the effects of the Persian wars?

Aftermath of the Persian Wars

As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control.

Why did the Persians choose Thermopylae?

The Battle of Thermopylae’s political origins can be traced back to Xerxes’ predecessor, Darius I (the Great), who sent heralds to Greek cities in 491 bce in the hopes of persuading them to accept Persian authority. … Xerxes intended to do just that and thus moved toward Thermopylae.

Was Athens burned by Persia?

The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480–479 BCE.

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Did the Persian empire burn Athens?

The Destruction of Athens occurred from 480 BC to 479 BC during the Greco-Persian Wars. Following the Battle of Thermopylae, King Xerxes I of Persia and his 300,000-strong army looted and burned much of central Greece before invading Attica, the home of Athens.

Who stopped the Persian Empire?

One of history’s first true super powers, the Persian Empire stretched from the borders of India down through Egypt and up to the northern borders of Greece. But Persia’s rule as a dominant empire would finally be brought to an end by a brilliant military and political strategist, Alexander the Great.