: an ancient Greek altar especially : a small altar of Dionysus standing in the middle of the orchestra of a theater.
What was the purpose of the thymele?
Definition of “thymele” [thymele]
“This elevation was named the ‘thymele’, ([Greek (transliterated): thumelae]) and served to recall the origin and original purpose of the chorus, as an altar-song in honour of the presiding deity.”
What was the theatron and what was it used for?
From amphi, meaning “on both sides” or “around” and theatron, meaning “place for viewing.” An oval or circular, open-air performance space with tiered seating on all sides. Roman arena used for gladiator games, circuses, animal hunts, and executions.
Where is the thymele located?
The thymele is located within the orchestra. It is located behind the orchestra, the thymele, and the proskerion.
What was the orchestra in a Greek amphitheater?
Orchestra: The orchestra (literally, “dancing space”) was normally circular. It was a level space where the chorus would dance, sing, and interact with the actors who were on the stage near the skene.
What is a Periaktoi in Theatre?
periaktos, (Greek: “revolving”, ) plural Periaktoi, ancient theatrical device by which a scene or change of scene was indicated. It was described by Vitruvius in his De architectura (c. 14 bc) as a revolving triangular prism made of wood, bearing on each of its three sides a different pictured scene.
What does parados mean in Greek?
Greek parodos entrance, passage, first choral passage in a drama, from para beside, beyond, past + hodos road, way, journey.
What is a satyr in Greek Theatre?
The satyr play is a form of Attic theatre performance related to both comedy and tragedy. It preserves theatrical elements of dialogue, actors speaking verse, a chorus that dances and sings, masks and costumes.
What theatron means?
theatre, also spelled theater, in architecture, a building or space in which a performance may be given before an audience. The word is from the Greek theatron, “a place of seeing.” A theatre usually has a stage area where the performance itself takes place.
What is Baroque theater?
Baroque Theatre Defined
Defined as complicated, exaggerated, and ornate, Baroque style often created motion, friction, and intensity by associating aspects of contrast. During the Baroque age, the theatre reflected the growing complexity of ideas, comedic and dramatic elements, plots, and characters.
What are the parts of a Greek Amphitheatre?
The architecture of the ancient greek theatre consists of three major parts: the Orchestra, the Scene and the main theatre, called Koilon. The Orchestra was the almost circular place, situated in front of the scene (stage) facing the audience.
What are the 3 main parts of a Greek Theater?
The theater was constructed of three major parts: skene, orchestra, theatron. The skene was originally a hut, tent, or booth; skene means “tent” and refers to a wooden wall having doors and painted to represent a palace, temple or whatever setting was required.
What are the three types of Greek plays?
The three genres of drama were comedy, satyr plays, and most important of all, tragedy.
Who built the amphitheatre in Greece?
According to the Greek biographer Plutarch, of the 1st and 2nd century ad, the first odeum was built at Athens by the statesman Pericles about 435 bc. Adjacent to the Theatre of Dionysus, it was used for rehearsals.
What does orchestra mean in Greek?
orchestra Add to list Share. … The word orchestra comes from the actual space in which an orchestra plays; the Greek orkhestra means “a space where a chorus of dancers performs,” from orkheisthai, “to dance.”
Where is the orchestra in a Greek Theatre?
The orchestra was a circular piece of ground at the bottom of the theatron where the chorus and actors performed. Originally unraised, Greek theatre would later incorporate a raised stage for easier viewing.