What vegetables are used in Greek cuisine?

Important vegetables include tomato, aubergine (eggplant), potato, green beans, okra, green peppers (capsicum), and onions. Honey in Greece is mainly honey from the nectar of fruit trees and citrus trees: lemon, orange, bigarade (bitter orange) trees, thyme honey, and pine honey.

What vegetables originated in Greece?

Common bulb and stem vegetables were asparagus, cardoons (artichoke thistle), celery, fennel, garlic, and leeks. Fruit-like vegetables that were a mainstay were cucumbers and squash (marrows).

What ingredients are used in Greek cuisine?

Classic Ingredients

Core ingredients classic and traditional Greek foods include olive oil, herbs (oregano, rosemary, and thyme are the most common), tomatoes, cheese, beef, pork, lamb, fish, shrimp, and wine. Other Greek specialties include yogurt, honey, olives, cheese, sausage, baklava, and olive oil.

What fruits and vegetables are native to Greece?

Apricots, peaches, nectarines, and cherries are also delicious and highly nutritious fruits you can find in Greece. Late August and early September is the season of two other fruits: figs and grapes. Fig trees are very common in Greece and the islands, you will see many such trees on the side of the roads.

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What foods are traditionally eaten in Greece?

Don’t leave Greece without trying…

  • Taramasalata. A mainstay of any Greek meal are classic dips such as tzatziki (yogurt, cucumber and garlic),melitzanosalata (aubergine), and fava (creamy split pea purée). …
  • Olives and olive oil. …
  • Dolmades. …
  • Moussaka. …
  • Grilled meat. …
  • Fresh fish. …
  • Courgette balls (kolokythokeftedes) …
  • Octopus.

What made Greek cuisine special?

Like other Mediterranean cuisines, Greek food has a reputation for being heart healthy with its heavy use of olive oil, fish, lean meats, vegetables, herbs and grain, although some dishes can be quite rich, like the classic moussaka – a hearty dish made of layers of lamb and eggplant, smothered in béchamel sauce and …

What is the weirdest food in Greek?

10 Strange Greek Foods for the Visitor of Greece.

  • Snails (Kohli “Bourbouristi”). Snails fried with their shell that make a popping sound when cooked. …
  • Splinantero. A weird looking kind of sausage. …
  • Patsas. …
  • Sea urchin Salad. …
  • Lamb’s head. …
  • Octopus fried ink sack. …
  • Marinated Gavros. …
  • Kokoretsi/Kontosouvli.

What is Greek style of cooking?

In fact, Greek foods are prepared using basic cooking methods: They’re typically fried, breaded, sautéed, simmered, boiled, braised, stewed, baked, roasted, grilled, poached, pickled, puréed or preserved. Greek food generally does not include smoking in home cooking.

Is basil used in Greek cooking?

In Greek cooking, many dishes, breads, salads, dressings, and sauces are flavored with a variety of herbs, greens, and spices unique to this country’s combination of tastes. Some of the most common are oregano, mint, dill, basil, cinnamon, cumin, and coriander.

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What grains do Greeks use?

Here is an overview of some of the grains that are part of the traditional Greek diet:

  • Barley. Barley can be traced back to Ancient Greek and people such as Homer and Hippocrates wrote about it and understood how valuable it was. …
  • Corn. …
  • Bulgur. …
  • Rice. …
  • Semolina. …
  • Sprouted Wheat. …
  • Whole Wheat Berries.

What is the national fruit of Greece?

List of national fruits

Country Common name Scientific name
Greece Olive Olea
Germany Apple Malus domestica
India Mango Mangifera indica
Iran Pomegranate Punica granatum

What is a traditional Greek lunch?

Greek lunches are traditionally a light meal that consists of a homemade vegetable stew or casserole. It is served with staple sides of cheese, bread, salad, and most importantly, wine.

What is a traditional Greek dessert?

11 Traditional Desserts To Try in Greece

  • Melomakarona. With their recipe based on ingredients for which Greece is typically known – oil, honey, oranges and nuts – melomakarona are considered a typical Greek dessert. …
  • Kourabiedes. …
  • Diples. …
  • Glyka tou koutaliou. …
  • Galaktoboureko. …
  • Bougatsa. …
  • Revani. …
  • Halva.

Is falafel a Greek food?

Falafel is a popular Middle Eastern “fast food” made of a mixture of chickpeas (or fava beans), fresh herbs, and spices that are formed into a small patties or balls. It’s thought that falafel originated in Egypt as Coptic Christians looked for a hearty replacement for meat during long seasons of fasting or lent.