What was Athens most important?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

What is the importance of Athens?

Athens, Modern Greek Athínai, Ancient Greek Athēnai, historic city and capital of Greece. Many of Classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization. The Acropolis and surrounding area, Athens.

What were the most important things to learn in Athens?

They had physical education where they learned sports and gymnastics. They also learned basic math, how to play musical instruments, how to sing, and how to write well. They memorized the Odyssey and the Iliad by Homer because these were the most important works in their world.

Why was Sparta important in ancient Greece?

Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states in Ancient Greece. It is famous for its powerful army as well as its battles with the city-state of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. Sparta was located in a valley on the banks of the Eurotas River in the south-eastern portion of Greece.

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What did Athenians value the most?

Athens Values

While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.

What values did Athens emphasize?

The Athenians valued education and the arts and believed that educated people made the best citizens.

What are 5 facts about Athens?

15 Incredible Facts About Athens

  • Athens is Europe’s oldest capital. …
  • Athens has experienced almost every form of government. …
  • If it weren’t for an olive tree, Poseidon might have been the city’s patron. …
  • The ancient Olympic games were never held in Athens. …
  • Athens is home to the first known democracy.

What were Athenian women’s rights?

Legally, women’s rights were limited. They were barred from political participation, and Athenian women were not permitted to represent themselves in law, though it seems that metic women could. … Athenian women had limited capacity to own property, although they could have significant dowries, and could inherit items.

Why was Athens successful?

This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.

Why is Athens better than Sparta?

Athens was better than Sparta because, it had a better government, education system, and had more cultural achievements. … While in Sparta they had an oligarchy, a form of government in which the government power resides in the hands of select few; however in Athens they had a direct government.

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What made Sparta successful?

They Were Able to Outfight Larger Armies

The Spartans were especially known for being so effective at fighting, that they were able to fight well against armies that were much larger in size than them. … Although the Spartans eventually lost his battle, they were able to kill a large number of enemy warriors.

What did the Athenians believe in?

Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws. The people of Athens chose their ruler.

What are the achievements of Athens?

What were the major cultural achievements of Athens?

  • The temples on the acropolis in Athens were examples of the Greek talent for architecture. …
  • Athenians enjoyed dramas staged in large open-air theaters. …
  • The Greeks competed in athletic events at the Panathenaic Games and the Olympics.

What was valued in a person in Athenian society?

4 Loyalty. Loyalty is perhaps the most influential value of ancient Greek civilization. Loyalty was embedded in everything the Greeks did. They believed in loyalty to the family, the community and most importantly to the Gods.