the Long walls and the fortifications of Piraeus must be destroyed; all ships except twelve surrendered; the exiles to be recalled; Athens to have the same enemies and the same friends as Sparta had and to follow Spartan leadership in any expedition Sparta might make either by land or sea.
Why were the terms of Athens surrender in the Peloponnesian War so strict?
Why were the terms of Athens surrender so strict? … Athens was abusing their power as head of the Delian league. How did the Peloponnesian War lead to the downfall of Greece?
What was the term for Athens allies in the Peloponnesian War?
The Cause of the Peloponnesian War
The formation of the Delian League, or Athenian League, in 478 B.C. united several Greek city-states in a military alliance under Athens, ostensibly to guard against revenge attacks from the Persian Empire.
What happened to Athens as a result of the Peloponnesian War?
Athens. Democracy in Athens was briefly overthrown in 411 BCE as a result of its poor handling of the Peloponnesian War. … During the Thirty Tyrants’ rule, five percent of the Athenian population was killed, private property was confiscated, and democratic supporters were exiled.
How were the Athens treated after the Peloponnesian War?
After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. … The regime of the Thirty was (text) even more oligarchic than the Four Hundred had been and was never popular, as even the Spartans recognized.
What caused the Peloponnesian war to break out?
Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. On the advice of Pericles, its most influential leader, Athens refused to back down. Diplomatic efforts to resolve the dispute failed. Finally, in the spring of 431, a Spartan ally, Thebes, attacked an Athenian ally, Plataea, and open war began.
Why did the Spartans surrender at Sphacteria?
After the Battle of Pylos, which resulted in the isolation of over 400 Spartan soldiers on the island of Sphacteria, Sparta sued for peace, and, after arranging an armistice at Pylos by surrendering the ships of the Peloponnesian fleet as security, sent an embassy to Athens to negotiate a settlement.
What was the long term result of the Peloponnesian War?
The long-term effect of the war between Athenian forces and Spartan forces, however, was to weaken the entire Greek world, making it easier for one Philip II of Macedon, and later his son Alexander, to establish Macedonian rule.
Did Spartans ever surrender?
It is often said that the Spartan warriors never retreated and never surrendered. At the battle of Sphacteria, the Spartans not only lost to a force of mostly light infantry, but they were forced into a shameful surrender that changed the dynamics of the war. …
How did Greek politics change by the end of the Peloponnesian War?
How did Greece change after the Peloponnesian War? Sparta became the dominant power but was not strong enough to control Greece. This led to fighting between Sparta, Thebes, and Athens for control. … EFFECTS: Athens became the leading polis in Greece.
Who won Sparta or Athens?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War?
What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War? … the war left Greece exhausted and vulnerable to attack. Persia was able to take advantage of Greek divisions to complete its conquest. Sparta’s victory propelled it to lasting domination of Greece.
When did the Peloponnesian War end?
Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.
How did the Peloponnesian War contribute to the expansion of Macedonia?
How did the Peloponnesian War contribute to the expansion of Macedonia? The Greeks were weak from fighting the Peloponnesian War so Phillip of Macedonia was able to easily conquer them. … Alexander hoped that Greek ideas, customs, and traditions would blend with the diverse cultures of the people he had conquered.