The Greek city-states determined citizenship by descent. Most cities demanded that its citizens be able to demonstrate descent from one parent who was a citizen; but often the requirements were more difficult, demanding that the each citizen demonstrate that both parents were citizens.
Who are citizens in the Greek city states?
Not everyone in Athens was considered a citizen. Only free, adult men enjoyed the rights and responsibility of citizenship. Only about 20 percent of the population of Athens were citizens. Women were not citizens and therefore could not vote or have any say in the political process.
Who were citizens in ancient Greece?
The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.
Did Greek city states run Citizens?
Each city-state in ancient Greece had their own form of government. Most city-states were ruled by kings. Some were ruled by councils, a small group of people. But in Athens, for about 100 years, Athens was ruled by direct democracy!
Which category of people were eligible for citizenship in a Greek city-state?
All Athenian-born men over the age of 18 were considered Athenian citizens. Women and slaves were not permitted citizenship. the day-to-day business of government] met every day.
Who were citizens of ancient Athens quizlet?
Who was considered a citizen in Ancient Greece? Men over the age of 18 with Athenian parents who owned land. Women, children, slaves, and metics (foreigners) were not considered citizens.
What are the 5 Greek city-states?
Ancient Greek city-states are known as polis. Although there were numerous city-states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.
What is a city-state in ancient Greece?
A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. … The majority of a polis’s population lived in the city, as it was the center of trade, commerce, culture, and political activity.
How did people become citizens in ancient Greece?
In general, citizens had to be born in that polis. They also had to be free, meaning that slaves were not citizens and, therefore, did not have to be treated as equals. Finally, they had to be males. … So, citizens in ancient Greece were free, native-born males.
What did it mean to be a citizen in Athens?
Citizens. To be classed as a citizen in fifth-century Athens you had to be male, born from two Athenian parents, over eighteen years old, and complete your military service. Women, slaves, metics and children under the age of 20 were not allowed to become citizens.
What are Greek citizen soldiers called?
Hoplites (HOP-lytes) (Ancient Greek: ὁπλίτης : hoplítēs) were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields.
What did all the Greek city-states have in common?
All Greek city-states used the same language, honored the same ancient heroes, participated in common festivals, prayed to the same gods. … Their similarities were, all citizens were men, they believed in the same gods, men received military training, and they were both located in the Aegean region.
Who was Sparta’s main rival?
Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.).
Did Sparta or Athens have citizens as the upper class?
Upper classes had all power and privilege. Helots (slaves) did all nonmilitary work. All citizens were equal. Women and slaves were excluded from becoming citizens.
|Branch of Government||Sparta||Athens|
|Judicial||Kings acted as judges.||Court- very large juries chosen by lot who used secret ballots to reach a verdict.|
What does being a citizen mean?
A citizen is a participatory member of a political community. Citizenship is gained by meeting the legal requirements of a national, state, or local government. A nation grants certain rights and privileges to its citizens. In return, citizens are expected to obey their country’s laws and defend it against its enemies.
Can Metics become citizens?
As citizenship was a matter of inheritance and not of place of birth, a metic could be either an immigrant or the descendant of one. Regardless of how many generations of the family had lived in the city, metics did not become citizens unless the city chose to bestow citizenship on them as a gift.