Why were strong naval fleets important for Greek city states?

What was the purpose of naval ships in ancient Greece?

When the Greeks had to go to war, they would use the ships to fight their enemies in the sea. The beset navy of all times was in Athens during the Ancient Greek times. This navy war and the warships that they had were what allowed them to be able to win the victory during the war with Persia.

Why were ships especially important for Greek city states?

The Greeks used their ships to trade with other Greek city-states, as well as other civilizations around the Mediterranean. In times of war, their specially designed ships, along with well trained oarsmen and strong sails, helped them to defeat their enemies in sea battles.

Which Greek city state had a strong navy?

Following the wars, Athens emerged as the supreme naval power in Greece.

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Why was a good navy important to Athens?

The Athenian navy was relatively nonexistent until slightly before the Second Persian Invasion, and it was developed to safeguard Ancient Greece from the Persians. … This is especially true since the Greeks won at the Battle of Salamis, and this is said to have been an important victory in that war.

Did ancient Greece have a strong navy?

The Greek navy functioned much like the ancient Greek army. … Developing new techniques for the revolutionary trireme, and staying true to their land-based roots, the Greeks soon became a force to be reckoned with on the sea during the 5th century. They were also one of the greatest armies/naval forces in ancient times.

What was the most important factor for Greeks ships?

have to pass over mountains and through valleys. Athens was able to develop the most powerful naval fleet (tons of war boats or battle ships) in ancient Greece mainly because of its: close distance to the Aegean Sea. What is the name of the body of water that lies north of Africa and south of Europe?

Why did the ancient Greeks become good sailors?

How did the limited amount of fertile land cause the Greeks to become sea traders? Because farming didn’t produce surpluses, the Greeks came to depend on the sea. People became fishers, sailors, and merchant traders. Greek sailors were highly skilled.

Why did Greek city-states like Athens depend on sea trade?

The Greeks were able to get rid of more pirates, which made the seas safer. Merchant ships were built to carry more goods. … One of the most powerful cities in Greece was Athens. About 2,400 years ago, Athens’ port of Piraeus became the most important trading center in the Mediterranean.

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How did Greeks build boats?

The Greek ships were built using softwoods such as pine, fir, and cypress for interiors, and oak only for the outer hulls. Oars were made from a single young fir tree and measured some 4.5 metres in length. As a consequence of using lighter woods, the ship was highly manoeuvrable.

What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?

Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.

What city-state had the best navy?

Athens, by far, had the best navy of all of the ancient Greek city-states.

Did Athens have powerful navy?

During the Greco-Persian Wars, Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean Sea that defeated the even larger Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis. The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 crewing 400 ships. … Its fleet was destroyed and its empire lost during the Peloponnesian War.

Why was the Athenian fleet so important for the preservation of democracy in Athens?

According to Aristotle, strong leadership by the conservative element during the Persian Wars had begun to lead the city back towards oligarchy, but ‘the common people (the demos), serving in the fleet, won the victory at Salamis; they gave Athens power at sea, and this gave her an empire, and so they preserved the …

Who had strongest navy during the Peloponnesian wars?

Athens emerged from the war as the strongest naval power in the Aegean and in the course of the following decades forged an empire with tributary territory in the Aegean, the mainland of Asia Minor and in Greece itself that made her one of the two great powers on the mainland.

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Why did Athens have a strong military?

From the very beginning, the Athenians were compelled to fight for their new democracy. Their dramatic victories over the Boiotians and Chalkidians in 506 B.C. led many to attribute Athenian military success to their political system.