Shields. The most vital part of the panoply was the Aspis, a large, round shield commonly made from a layer of bronze, wood, and leather.
What were Greek shields made from?
The Greek shield of Ancient Greece was called a hoplon or aspis. It was from this word that hoplite (a Greek soldier) is derived. A hoplon was a deeply-dished shield made of wood. Some shields had a thin sheet of bronze on the outer face.
What was the Spartan shield made out of?
The shield was made of several layers of wood covered in a layer of bronze with a layer of leather in between, to absorb shock. The shield had a strap in the middle of the shield and a handle at the right edge.
How were shields made in ancient Greece?
The Argive shield was made from planks (presumably mostly oak). The rim was flat and generally reinforced with bronze. Sometimes, the entire outer surface was covered by a thin sheet of bronze. … The porpax consisted of bronze and was used to reinforce the shield in the centre, where it was very thin.
When was the Greek shield made?
Hoplitodromos with aspis and full body armour depicted in a Greek vase dated to 550 BC. An aspis (Ancient Greek: ἀσπίς, plural aspides, ἀσπίδες), sometimes also referred to as an hoplon (Greek: ὅπλον), was the heavy wooden shield used by the infantry in various periods of ancient Greece.
What were Greek shields called?
An aspis (Ancient Greek: ἀσπίς, plural aspides, ἀσπίδες), sometimes also referred to as an hoplon (Greek: ὅπλον), was the heavy wooden shield used by the infantry in various periods of ancient Greece.
What metals did the Greeks use?
The metals in regular use were gold, electrum, silver and bronze. Gold, always the most precious, was kept mainly for jewellery, anyhow till the mid fourth century when the Macedonian and then the other Hellenistic kingdoms made regular issues of gold coinage.
What was the kopis made of?
This Athenian Kopis, used by the cavalry of Athens after the 5th century BC, has a blade of high carbon steel. The hilt is crafted from horn that is solidly riveted to the thick, full tang of the blade to construct the grip. The sheath and integrated shoulder baldric are crafted from stitched and riveted leather.
What was Spartan armor made of?
Their shields consisted of wood and leather with the face completely covered in a thin sheet of stressed bronze (881004), which was enough to strengthen the shield, but did not add so much weight as to make it useless. Each shield was round and approx 36” – 38” according to some unearthed examples.
Why did the ancient Greeks use shields?
As far back as the eighth century BC, the ancient Greeks had invented a large, round shield called an aspis that would serve as an essential part of warfare through the Hellenistic era. The designs, or blazons, on these shields would go on to strike fear in the hearts of their enemies.
What was Greek armor called?
The defensive armour most used consisted of four pieces: helmet (kranos), cuirass (thorax), shield (aspis) and greaves (knimis). A weapon is called hoplon from which panoply and hoplite (a man with weapons) is derived (initially the shield was called hoplon (όπλον) but today hoplon is a general name for weapon).
How was bronze armor made?
A helmet is cold-hammered over a rounded post, in stages, so that the sheet of bronze gradually forms a shape that will fit over the head. Hammering weakens the metal’s structure, however, so it must be annealed. … Ancient armorers painstakingly pounded, then annealed, the helmets in a series of gradual stages.
What was on Athena’s shield?
Athena has been depicted with snakes near her and with snake haired Medusa’s head upon her shield. This symbolically was to enforce Athena’s power of victory through death and destruction of the enemy.
How heavy was a Spartan sword?
It was a rather light weapon, with a weight around 450–900 g (0.99–1.98 lb). It was generally hung from a baldric under the left arm. The xiphos was generally used only when the spear was broken, taken by the enemy, or discarded for close combat.
How much did Greek shields weigh?
Lastly, most historians of ancient Greek warfare have estimated that the shield used in classical times weighed between 13.5 lbs / 6.12 kgs and 18 lbs / 8.16 kgs (i.e. 30 lbs is most likely an extreme limit, if not an exaggeration).