Pericles set about toppling the Areopagus (ar-ee-OP-uh-guhs), or the noble council of Athens, in favor of a more democratic system that represented the interests of the people. He introduced the practice of paying citizens to serve on juries, which allowed poor men to leave work and participate in the justice system.
What did Pericles do for democracy?
Pericles ushered in what is considered “radical democracy.” This meant that ordinary Athenian citizens were paid by the state to participate in public affairs. Previously, only the wealthy could afford the time to participate in politics.
How did Pericles contribute to the rise of democratic ideas?
Pericles Strengthens Democracy Pericles strengthened Greek democracy by increasing the number of paid public officials and by paying jurors. This enabled poorer citizens to participate in the government. Through greater citizen participation, Athens evolved into a direct democracy.
How did Pericles help Athens?
Pericles sponsored buildings, arts, and education in Athens. It was during this era that the city developed the reputation for being the intellectual center of the ancient world. Under Pericles, Athens developed its Acropolis, the elevated citadel that held the most important buildings, temples, and markets.
How did Pericles influence the functioning of Athenian government?
Pericles influenced government and culture in Athens by making Athens a more democratic city-state, by rebuilding Athens, and by making Athens a center of learning and the arts. … Pericles allowed all people to participate in government, which also made Athens more of a direct democracy.
What changes did Pericles bring to Athens?
Pericles strengthened democracy in Athens by paying public officials. Pericles expanded the empire by building a strong naval fleet. Pericles rebuilt and beautified Athens.
How did Athens become a democracy?
The first known democracy in the world was in Athens. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. … When a new law was proposed, all the citizens of Athens had the opportunity to vote on it. To vote, citizens had to attend the assembly on the day the vote took place.
Who started Democracy in Athens?
Solon (in 594 BC), Cleisthenes (in 508–07 BC), and Ephialtes (in 462 BC) contributed to the development of Athenian democracy. Cleisthenes broke up the unlimited power of the nobility by organizing citizens into ten groups based on where they lived, rather than on their wealth.
What did Pericles accomplish?
495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece. His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in 447.
What kind of democracy is Pericles referring to?
Pericles also fostered Athenian democracy to such an extent that critics called him a populist. Pericles was descended, through his mother, from the powerful and historically-influential Alcmaeonid family.
How did Pericles achieve his goals?
Pericles’ goal was to have the greatest Greek artists and architects create magnificent sculptures and buildings to glorify Athens. At the center of his plan was one of architecture’s noblest works—the Parthenon.
How did Pericles describe Athens?
In fact, Pericles sees Athens as having the ultimate possible government; the one best conducive to freedom, liberty, courage, honor, and justice – the values most honored by the Athenians. Pericles extolls several of the virtues of Athens, most of them centered on the then-unique form of democracy.
How did cleisthenes make Athens more democratic?
Cleisthenes successfully allied himself with the popular Assembly against the nobles (508) and imposed democratic reform. … Perhaps his most important innovation was the basing of individual political responsibility on citizenship of a place rather than on membership in a clan.
In what ways was Athenian democracy a direct democracy?
Lastly, Athenian democracy was a direct democracy, rather than a representative one, meaning that all citizens had to vote on every issue, rather than electing a representative that they believed would make good decisions, and leaving most decisions other than elections to the representative to decide.