Did Athens or Sparta have two kings?

Sparta in time developed a system of dual kingship (two kings ruling at once). Their power was counter-balanced by the elected board of ephors (who may only serve a single one-year term). There was also a Council of Elders (Gerousia), each member of which was over the age of 60 and could serve for life.

Did Sparta have 2 leaders?

Dual Kings

Like Mycenaean kings in Greece, the Spartans had a political leader (the Eurypontidae kings) and a war leader (the Agaidai kings). … Their role in Spartan life was shouldering certain magisterial and juridical responsibilities.

What did the two kings in Sparta do?

The duties of the kings were mainly religious, judicial and military. They were the chief priests of the state, and had to perform certain sacrifices and to maintain communication with the Delphian sanctuary, which always exercised great authority in Spartan politia.

How many kings did Athens have?

Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws.

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Did Athens have kings?

Before the Athenian democracy, the tyrants, and the Archons, the city-state of Athens was ruled by kings. Most of these are probably mythical or only semi-historical.

What are differences between Athens and Sparta?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. … Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state.

Did Athens and Sparta get along?

The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E.), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city-state was strong enough to conquer the others.

Who was the second king of Athens?

II. THE ERECHTHID KINGS (KEKROPIDAI):

# KING: KASTOR-EUSEBIUS
1. KEKROPS 1556
2. KRANAOS 1506
3. AMPHIKTYON 1497
4. ERECHTHONIOS 1487

Who was the second king of Attica Athens?

According to the legend, Codrus was the son of Melanthus of Pylos, who went to Attica as a refugee from the Dorian invaders (11th century bc). By defeating the Athenians’ enemies, the Boeotians, Melanthus won acceptance as king of Athens.

Who was the second leader of Athens?

Pericles (/ˈpɛrɪkliːz/; Greek: Περικλῆς; Attic Greek: [pe. ri. klɛ̂ːs]; c. 495 – 429 BC) was a Greek statesman and general during the Golden Age of Athens.

Pericles
Born c. 495 BC Athens, Greece
Died 429 BC (aged c. 65 – 66) Athens, Greece
Allegiance Athens
Rank Strategos
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Who was the ruler of Athens?

Pericles, (born c. 495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.

Did Sparta fight Athens?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). … This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

Who were the first 2 kings of Sparta?

They were hereditary rulers, and came from two separate dynasties. According to tradition, the two lines, the Agiads and Eurypontids, were descended from the twins Eurysthenes and Procles. These twins were said to be the descendants of Heracles, who conquered Sparta two generations after the Trojan War.