there are three ‘infinitives’ in modern Greek (present, aorist, and perfect) corresponding to three aspects (continuous, once and for all, completed), and that the perfect infinitive is used only with the conditional introduced by Θα.
Is there an infinitive in modern Greek?
There is no infinitive in modern Greek. For naming a verb, the first-person singular of the present tense is used as a generic term.
Does modern Greek have declensions?
Greek is a largely synthetic (inflectional) language. … Nouns, adjectives and verbs are each divided into several inflectional classes (declension classes and conjugation classes), which have different sets of endings.
Does modern Greek have aorist tense?
The Greeks use the present tense to express this kind of continued action. In contrast, Greek uses the aorist tense to show simple action. An aorist verb simply tells you that something happened, with no indication of how long it took. Aorist is like a snapshot; present is like a video.
Is Modern Greek an inflected language?
Greek is a highly inflected language and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. It has lent grammar elements and vocabulary to some of the other European languages.
Is Greek hard to learn?
Despite the fact that Greek roots are found throughout the English language, Greek is among the hardest languages for English speakers to learn, according to studies conducted by the US Department of State.
How many Greek tenses are there?
In the indicative mood there are seven tenses: present, imperfect, future, aorist (the equivalent of past simple), perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect. (The last two, especially the future perfect, are rarely used).
Does Greek have gender?
The GENDER of Greek nouns is assigned arbitrarily. Some nouns are Masculine, some are Feminine, and some are Neuter. Each GENDER has different endings, but the key way to distinguish them is by the form of the Greek word for ‘the’ or the word for ‘a’.
Does Greek have grammatical gender?
In Ancient Greek, all nouns are classified according to grammatical gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) and are used in a number (singular, dual, or plural). According to their function in a sentence, their form changes to one of the five cases (nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, or dative).
How do you decline in Greek?
To decline a second-declension noun, we take the ending in the table and add it to the stem (which always ends in -ο). If a vowel is underlined, then we replace the ο in the stem with that vowel.
Is there a future tense in Greek?
#1 The Simple Future
In my favourite Grammar for Greek learners, Greek: An Essential Grammar of the Modern Language, this tense is also called Perfective Future and it’s the most common in everyday speaking. It’s formed by θα + the perfective stem – which is also called the “aorist theme/stem”.
Does English have an aorist?
Re: the English simple past is not an aorist
A present aorist is impossible because as the present moment is a point in time it has duration. Hence to complete an action in the now is impossible.
Why is it called aorist?
The word comes from Ancient Greek ἀόριστος aóristos “indefinite”, as the aorist was the unmarked (default) form of the verb, and thus did not have the implications of the imperfective aspect, which referred to an ongoing or repeated situation, or the perfect, which referred to a situation with a continuing relevance; …
How different is modern Greek from ancient Greek?
Ancient Greek is the branch of Greek, while Modern Greek is the branch of Ancient Greek. Ancient Greek only had capital letters, but Modern Greek had both capital and small letters. Ancient Greek had optative, indicative and imperative moods of the verb, while Modern Greek has gerund and auxiliary verbs in it.
What is modern Greek language called?
Today, a standardized variety of Demotic Greek is the official language of Greece and Cyprus, and is referred to as “Standard Modern Greek”, or less strictly simply as “Greek”, “Modern Greek”, or “Demotic”.
Is Greek a synthetic language?
Latin, Spanish, German, Greek and Russian are synthetic languages.