Instead, this article views the war as a contest between two opposing grand strategic designs. In contrast to the Athenian grand strategy of exhaustion, based on Athens’s economic power, Sparta followed a grand strategy of annihilation centered around Spartan military might.
What was Athens strategy during the war with Sparta?
Initially Athens’ strategy, as guided by Pericles, was to avoid open battle with the more numerous, and better trained Spartan hoplites, and to instead rely on Athens’ superior fleet. … Sparta also abandoned its invasion of Attica during this time, unwilling to risk contact with their diseased enemy.
Why would the differences between Athens and Sparta cause war?
One of the most important wars in the Ancient World was the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE). The conflict was a long drawn out war between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies. … The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire.
What best describes the war strategy of Athens?
What was Athens’ war strategy? Fight the Spartans wherever and whenever they could. Avoid land battles and fight the Spartans at sea. Ask the Persians to fight the Spartans on land.
How did Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?
Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
What advantage did Athens have over Sparta?
Athens did not have such a strong army as Sparta, but its navy was better developed. Athens did have another advantage, which was that many of their allies gave them financial support. The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens.
How would you describe Athens?
Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. It was a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, shops and public baths. The people of Athens lived below the Acropolis (rocky hill). … Athena was the goddess of wisdom and war and was the patron of Athens.
What are some differences between Athens and Sparta?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering.
How are Athens and Sparta similar?
One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
Was conflict between Sparta and Athens inevitable?
The Peloponnesian war was inevitable because Athens was too hungry for power, and tried to take total control of Greece. Athens’s growth in military and economic power led to the beginning of a bloody war. … Sparta feared that Athens was becoming too powerful and tried to avert war.
Was Sparta a good ally?
Although Sparta and Athens were allied at various times, they were the primary rivals during the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B. C.). Sparta emerged victorious with aid from most of the other Greek city-states, including Corinth and Elis; Sparta later gained the assistance of the Persians to defeat the Athenians.
How did the Spartans fall?
Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service. … Despite their military prowess, the Spartans’ dominance was short-lived: In 371 B.C., they were defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra, and their empire went into a long period of decline.
Did Sparta and Athens fight?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. … This eventually drew Sparta into the conflict.
What military technique helped Sparta?
While the Spartan’s military tactics were not extremely uncommon, the Spartans practiced and perfected the tactics much more than opposing militaries. One tactic often deployed by the Spartan military was the Phalanx formation. This was a rectangular formation, holding heavily armed infantry men on the inside.
Did Sparta ever lose a war?
The decisive defeat of the Spartan hoplite army by the armed forces of Thebes at the battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power.