In general, there were no direct taxes on income or wealth. As Athens grew into an international power, it developed a large and expensive navy of several hundred state-of-the-art wooden warships called triremes – literally meaning three-rowers.
Did ancient Athenians pay taxes?
Ancient Athens had a tax, called a liturgy, that fell largely on the wealthiest 1% of the population. These individuals were expected to pay the entire cost of provisioning, paying the wages for, and fully equipping a trireme warship for an entire year.
What did Athenians use their money for?
Their currency was widely used because of the large trade network that they developed. Often an Athenian coin could be used in other Greek cities and not have to be exchanged for the local currency. A worker in Athens could earn about two drachmas a day. Sculptors and doctors were able to make up to six drachmas daily.
How did the government work in Athens?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
Was Athens rich or poor?
In the fifth century B.C., Athens was one of the richest and most powerful city-states in Greece.
How did taxes work in ancient Greece?
In general, there were no direct taxes on income or wealth. … To fund their liturgy as a trierarch, a rich taxpayer spent what a skilled worker earned in 10 to 20 years of steady pay, but instead of dodging this responsibility, most embraced it.
Did people pay taxes in ancient Greece?
Direct taxation was not well-developed in ancient Greece. … The citizens had the ability to reject the taxation, if they believed there was someone else who was wealthier not being taxed. The wealthier would have to pay the liturgy. On the other hand, indirect taxes were quite important.
What did Athenians do for work?
Jobs in Ancient Greece
There were many jobs for men in Ancient Greece including farmer, fisherman, soldier, teacher, government worker, and craftsman. The women, however, were generally homemakers and would raise the children and cook the meals.
How did Athenians make money?
The Athenian economy was based on trade. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for all the city’s people. … In exchange, Athenians traded honey, olive oil, silver, and beautifully painted pottery. Athenians bought and sold goods at a huge marketplace called the agora.
What taxes did the rich in Greece pay to promote theater?
Wealthy citizens would sponsor plays by paying a tax called the choregia.
What was Sparta’s focus as a city state?
Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.
What are three facts about Athens?
15 Incredible Facts About Athens
- Athens is Europe’s oldest capital. …
- Athens has experienced almost every form of government. …
- If it weren’t for an olive tree, Poseidon might have been the city’s patron. …
- The ancient Olympic games were never held in Athens. …
- Athens is home to the first known democracy.
How did Sparta differ from Athens?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. … Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering.
Was Athens named after Athena?
The name of Athens, connected to the name of its patron goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. … Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to give their name to it, so they competed with offering the city one gift each.
Did Sparta have 2 Kings?
Sparta in time developed a system of dual kingship (two kings ruling at once). Their power was counter-balanced by the elected board of ephors (who may only serve a single one-year term). There was also a Council of Elders (Gerousia), each member of which was over the age of 60 and could serve for life.
What was Athens original name?
The initial name of Athens was “Coast” or “Aktiki,” and it was taken from the first king of the land, King Aktaio. Afterwards, as the city continued to grow, Aktaio’s successor, King Cecrops, named the city after himself.