How did this event help Macedonians and king Philip II? They took advantage of the Greeks weakness after years of war and conquered most of Greece. … He learned to appreciate Greek culture from his tutor Aristotle;he deeply admired Greek culture, and wanted to spread it throught his empire.
How did the Peloponnesian War contribute to the Greeks being conquered by the Macedonians?
The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. … The destruction from the Peloponnesian War weakened and divided the Greeks for years to come, eventually allowing the Macedonians an opportunity to conquer them in the mid-4th century BCE.
How did Philip II conquer Greece?
How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Philip used this heavy phalanx formation to break through enemy lines. Then he used fast moving cavalry to crush his disorganized opponents.
How did Macedonia conquered Greece?
In 368 BCE Philip II and Alexander III defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea and afterwards formed the Pan-Hellenic Congress with himself as its head. He had effectively conquered the Greek city-states and brought them under Macedonian control.
Why was the Peloponnesian War important?
The Peloponnesian War marked the end of the Golden Age of Greece, a change in styles of warfare and the fall of Athens, once the strongest city-state in Greece. The balance in power in Greece was shifted when Athens was absorbed into the Spartan Empire.
How did the Peloponnesian War lead to Alexander’s success as a conqueror?
How did the Peloponnesian War lead to Alexander’s success as a conqueror? Because the Greek city-states were weak and his father conquered them. … Alexander conquered these cultures and this was important because of all the cultures blended in with this culture.
What did Philip II of Macedonia accomplish?
Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born 382 bce—died 336, Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (359–336 bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by 339 had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son …
How did King Philip II help Macedonia become powerful?
He appointed a commander to every phalanx and established a system for communications. The Macedonian King also adapted the equipment of his army. … The army that Phillip II developed was to help him establish an empire. This army allowed him to turn Macedonia from a second-rate power into a major Greek power.
What King conquered Greece in the 300’s BC?
1. Macedonia conquered Greece in the 300s BC. 2. Alexander the Great built an empire that united much of Europe, Asia, and Egypt.
Who won the Peloponnesian War?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
How did the Macedonians and Greeks conquer the Persian Empire?
Backed by his shiny new army, Philip marched south in 338 B.C. and defeated an all-star alliance of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea. … With the Greek mainland subdued under Macedonian rule, Philip turned his well-oiled army East toward the Persian Empire, a far greater prize.
What was the outcome of the Peloponnesian War?
It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded. Simultaneous to the end of this conflict came the end of the golden age of ancient Greece.
How did the Persian war affect Greece?
After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land. The wars with the Persians had a great effect on ancient Greeks. The Athenian Acropolis was destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenian response was to build the beautiful buildings whose ruins we can still see today.
What happened to Greece after the Peloponnesian War?
After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. And due to an ill-conceived Spartan foreign policy, Athens was able to recover. … Worse, the Thirty alienated Sparta’s friends.