The Athenians had two methods for sentencing wrongdoers at trial. Either the law under which the defendant was charged prescribed the penalty or, after a conviction, both prosecutor and defendant had to propose a penalty and the jury, again without discussion, had to vote between the two options.
How was punishment determined in ancient Greece?
The ancient Greeks generally preferred to sentence people to die in indirect ways: by throwing them into a precipice, tying them still alive to a board to die of exposure, or indeed by having the convicted criminal drink a cup of hemlock.
How did Greeks punish people?
The few examples of punishment in Greek are: Exile was common punishment for homicide and ostracism for the political crime. 100 drachms was a fine for committing rape. The punishment for murder was executed by throwing the culprit in Baratheon Rhaphanidosis.
How were criminals punished in ancient Greece?
General punishment were mild, fines and loss of property. Some more serious punishments consisted of poisoning, stoning and beheading.
How did Athenians decide if someone was guilty of a crime?
Whoever received the most votes won the case. If an individual was convicted of a crime, there was a second part of the trial where the jury voted which proposed punishment would be used. The decision of the jury was final. There were no appeals in the Ancient Athenian court.
How did Romans punish criminals?
For very serious crimes you could be killed by crucifixion, thrown from a cliff, into a river or even buried alive. Crucifixion was saved for serious crimes such as revolts against the empire. Over time Roman punishments became more and more violent.
Was there Jail in ancient Greece?
The prison in Ancient Athens was known as the desmoterion (“place of chains”). The Romans were among the first to use prisons as a form of punishment, rather than simply for detention. A variety of existing structures were used to house prisoners, such as metal cages, basements of public buildings, and quarries.
What were some punishments in ancient Athens?
On fellow citizens, the Athenians imposed fines, imprisonment, a set time of public humiliation in the stocks, limited loss of political rights, total disfranchisement, exile from the city (which could be amplified with the confiscation of property and/or the razing of the convict’s house), and death (which could be …
Was there Jail in ancient Athens?
The Athenians did use imprisonment as a penalty but this developed out of the custom of imprisoning wrongdoers who were unable to pay their fines.
What was the punishment for assault in ancient Greece?
Popular Morality, p. 101; idem, “Greek Attitudes to Sexual Behavior,” Arethusa 6 (1973): 65 (with a reference to Hes. frag. 275 Merkelbach and West); cf.
When was death penalty abolished in Greece?
Countries That Have Abolished the Death Penalty Since 1976
|DESCRIPTION||GUINEA-BISSAU, HONG KONG  and SEYCHELLES abolished the death penalty for all crimes. GREECE abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes.|
Which ancient Greek leader enforced the death penalty for stealing vegetables?
Draco. Draco, also spelled Dracon, (flourished 7th century bc), Athenian lawgiver whose harsh legal code punished both trivial and serious crimes in Athens with death—hence the continued use of the word draconian to describe repressive legal measures.
How was punishment determined?
Who determines what punishment a convicted defendant receives? Judges, not juries, almost always determine the punishment, even following jury trials. In fact, a common jury instruction warns jurors not to consider the question of punishment when deciding a defendant’s guilt or innocence.
How were court cases decided in ancient Athens?
The Athenian jurors were chosen randomly by lot, which meant that juries would consist, in theory, of a wide range of members from different social classes. Jurors were chosen on an annual basis, as were all other offices within the state (with the exception of the generals, known as strategoi).
Was murder a crime in ancient Greece?
Like almost all offenses against individuals at this time, homicide was legally a matter of concern only to the victim’s family, whose responsibility it was to bring charges against the accused killer. The Athenians considered their homicide laws to be special.