Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
What is the difference between the government of Athens and Sparta?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. … Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering.
Why is spartan government better than Athens?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers. Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.
What type of government did the Spartans have?
The most prominent Greek oligarchy, and the state with which democratic Athens is most often and most fruitfully compared, was Sparta. Yet Sparta, in its rejection of private wealth as a primary social differentiator, was a peculiar kind of oligarchy and some scholars note its resemblance to democracy.
Why did ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems?
Why did ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems? … The mountainous topography resulted in the isolation of these city-states. Foreign travelers introduced new philosophies. For over three centuries, civil wars raged in these city-states.
Who made the most important government decisions in Sparta?
27.7 Spartan Government
Like Athens, Sparta had an assembly. But the important decisions were really made by a much smaller group called the Council of Elders. The Council of Elders consisted of two kings and 28 other men.
How did government in Athens evolve?
The first known democracy in the world was in Athens. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. … When a new law was proposed, all the citizens of Athens had the opportunity to vote on it. To vote, citizens had to attend the assembly on the day the vote took place.
What type of government did Athens have quizlet?
Athens’ government is a democracy, which means citizens have the power. Sparta’s government was an Obligarchy, which means it was in the hands of a few. Athenians liked to trade.
What was the government like in Sparta Ancient Greece?
Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). Oligarchy– Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia).
What is the government of Greece?
Greece is a parliamentary republic whose constitution was last amended in May 2008. There are three branches of government. The executive includes the president, who is head of state, and the prime minister, who is head of government. There is a 300-seat unicameral “Vouli” (legislature).
How was the Athenian government structured?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
Which characteristic of government describes Athens not Sparta?
Terms in this set (10) Which characteristic of government describes Athens, not Sparta? All citizens could debate any issue. Who was forced to raise food for the soldiers?