Quick Answer: Does Greece have a jury system?

Crimes are judged as follows: Felonies are judged, at first instance, by the “mixed” Court of First Instance and, at second instance, by the “mixed” Court of Appeal. … In these “mixed” courts four jurors participate along with three professional judges, of first instance and of appeal, respectively.

Is there a jury system in Greece?

In Ancient Greece, the smallest number of members on a jury was 201 but the average jury contained 501 members. Some juries numbered at 2001 members or more. The idea of having so many jurors was to prevent the jury from being bribed. There were always an odd number of jurors so that there wouldn’t be a tie vote.

What is the court system in ancient Greece?

Ancient Greek courts were cheap and run by laypeople. … There were no court officials, no lawyers, and no official judges. A normal case consisted of two litigants, arguing if an unlawful act had been committed. The jury would decide whether the accused was guilty, and should he be guilty, what the punishment will be.

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What is a jury in ancient Athens?

The jury consisted of 500 male citizens over the age of thirty, chosen by lot from among volunteers. Athens used very large numbers of jurors, from 500 to as many as 1501, in part as a protection against bribes: who could afford to bribe 500 people? … For their jury service they received payment of three obols.

Does Greece have a supreme court?

The Supreme Civil and Criminal Court of Greece (Greek: Άρειος Πάγος, Areopagus, i.e. the “Hill of Ares”) is the supreme court of Greece for civil and criminal law. … The court consists of the president and the attorney-general, ten vice-presidents, sixty five areopagites and seventeen deputy attorneys-general.

What legal system does Greece have?

Greece is a civil law country, and thus jurisprudence is not considered as a source of law. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land, although article 28 of the Greek Constitution provides that international conventions ratified by Greece as well as EU legislation shall prevail over any other provision of law.

Does Greece have a Constitution?

During the modern history of Greece, the Constitution of 1975/1986/2001/2008/2019 is the last in a series of democratically adopted Constitutions (with the exception of the Constitutions of 1968 and 1973 imposed by a dictatorship). The first of these Constitutions was adopted in 1822.

When was the jury system created in Greece?

The first use of juries in Athens coincided with the founding of Athenian democracy in 590 B.C.E. A council ran both the government and the court system. In 463 B.C.E., Pericles transferred power from the aristocrat-controlled courts–courts that had jealously protected private property rights–to people’s courts.

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Who created Greek law?

The Law in Ancient Greece. The traditions of Athens and Sparta say that the laws were given to them by Solon and Lycurgus, legendary figures who served as leaders of their city-states long ago. The two traditions agree that the laws are made by the Assembly and approved by the Senate.

What was a jury in ancient Greece?

Juries were selected from volunteers. The number of jurors could be huge. Some trials had as many as 500 jurors who had volunteered to judge a case. Only the jury could bring in a decision that someone was guilty or innocent.

Does Sparta have a jury system?

Sparta was ruled by a select few. Athenians were their own rulers. They debated and voted on laws in the Assembly. … They had to obey the laws, serve in the military, help run the city, pay taxes, and serve on juries.

Who judged a trial in ancient Greece?

Here are the basic parameters: Any citizen could initiate a trial (there were no public prosecutors in Athens) simply by registering it with the magistrate under whose jurisdiction it fell; the magistrate would preside over a trial to be judged by a jury of 200+ randomly selected men who would listen first to …

Did Athens have a jury system?

The Athenian jurors were chosen randomly by lot, which meant that juries would consist, in theory, of a wide range of members from different social classes. Jurors were chosen on an annual basis, as were all other offices within the state (with the exception of the generals, known as strategoi).

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What is Greek government?

The Jury Courts formed the core of Athens’ judicial branch; but another court, the Areopagos, was also highly respected.

What does justice mean in ancient Greece?

Abstract. The Greeks looked upon justice as virtue in action and therefore a virtue. The Greek conception of justice was the virtue of soul and injustice its vice. To both Plato and Aristotle justice meant goodness as well as willingness to obey laws. It connoted correspondence of rights and duties.