Quick Answer: What were the two largest and most important Greek city states?

Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture.

What are the 2 main city-states of Greece?

Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many.

What were the largest and most important Greek city-states?

Powerful Greek City States. Among the most powerful city states were Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Greek islands such as Lesbos, Chios, Rhodes, Asia Minor City States. Ancient Corinth (3 miles south of modern Corinth) spreads out at the foot of a huge 1700 foot rock called the Acrocorinth (acropolis).

What were the two most important states in ancient Greece?

The most powerful or influential city-states were Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Corinth, and Delphi. The people of each city-state did not refer to themselves as Greeks. Instead they would refer to themselves as an Athenian, Spartan, or Corinthian. Ancient Greek city-states were known for something specific too.

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Who were the two most powerful city-states?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

What two Greek city-states were the most powerful and rivals?

The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …

What is the best Greek city-state?

Athenians thought of themselves as the best city-state in all of ancient Greece. They recognized that other city-states had value and were Greek, but they were the best.

Which of the two city-states Athens or Sparta was more influential on Greece culture?

Democracy refers to a system of government in which every person has the right to participate. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war.

What was the first Greek city-state?

Argos was one of the oldest city-states in Ancient Greece, but it first became a major power under the tyrant Pheidon during the 7th century BC. During Pheidon’s reign, Argos introduced silver coins as well as a standard system of weights and measures that later became known as the Pheidonian measures.

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What was the largest Greek city-state at the time?

The largest, Sparta, controlled about 300 square miles of territory; the smallest had just a few hundred people. However, by the dawn of the Archaic period in the seventh century B.C., the city-states had developed a number of common characteristics.

Why were city-states important in ancient Greece?

One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. … A final reason behind the development of city-states was the Greek aristocracy, who acted to prevent any permanent monarchies from forming.

What continent is Greek in?

Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states in Ancient Greece. It is famous for its powerful army as well as its battles with the city-state of Athens during the Peloponnesian War.

What were Greek foot soldiers called?

hoplite, heavily armed ancient Greek foot soldier whose function was to fight in close formation.