Quick Answer: Why would Athens have colonies?

A founding city (metropolis) might also set up a colony in order to establish a military presence in a particular region and so protect lucrative sea routes. Also, colonies could provide a vital bridge to inland trade opportunities.

Why did Athens establish colonies?

The Greeks began founding colonies as far back as 900 to 700 B.C.E. These colonies were founded to provide a release for Greek overpopulation, land hunger, and political unrest. Iron tools and new farming techniques allowed the Greeks to farm larger pieces of land.

Did ancient Athens have colonies?

Colonies were outposts of Athens, often used to hold land. An attack on an Athenian cleruchy was an attack on Athens itself. Since no court cases are attested in the colonies, it may well be that litigants in the 5th and 4th centuries went back to Athens for trial.

Why did Athens want to expand its empire?

Athens liberated the Greeks who were under Persian rule and then they joined Athens. Security was the primary incentive that led to the creation of the Athenian empire. Athens wanted to secure itself against Persia and the allies needed a leader to assure them they would not be conquered by Persia again (Meiggs 1975.

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What are two possible reasons that they built so many colonies?

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL REASONS: A BETTER LIFE Most colonists had faced difficult lives in Britain, Ireland, Scotland, or Germany. They came to the Americas to escape poverty, warfare, political turmoil, famine and disease. They believed colonial life offered new opportunities.

What role did colonies play in the rise of Greek trade?

The establishment of colonies across the Mediterranean permitted the export of luxury goods such as fine Greek pottery, wine, oil, metalwork, and textiles, and the extraction of wealth from the land – timber, metals, and agriculture (notably grain, dried fish, and leather), for example – and they often became lucrative …

What was the main reason that Athens and Sparta fought the Peloponnesian War?

The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

What goods were traded between the colonies and the mainland?

The colonial economy depended on international trade. American ships carried products such as lumber, tobacco, rice, and dried fish to Britain. In turn, the mother country sent textiles, and manufactured goods back to America.

What is a colonial territory?

A colonial empire is a collective of territories (often called colonies), either contiguous with the imperial center or located overseas, settled by the population of a certain state and governed by that state.

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What is a colony in ancient Greece?

Colonies in antiquity were post-Iron Age city-states founded from a mother-city (its “metropolis”), not from a territory-at-large. Bonds between a colony and its metropolis remained often close, and took specific forms during the period of classical antiquity.

Why is Athens a great city?

During the time of the Ancient Greeks it was the center of power, art, science, and philosophy in the world. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world as well, with recorded history going back over 3400 years. It is the birth place of democracy and the heart of the Ancient Greek civilization.

Why is Athens the best city state?

Athenians thought of themselves as the best city-state in all of ancient Greece. They believed they produced the best literature, the best poetry, the best drama, the best schools – many other Greek city-states agreed with them. Athens was the measuring stick. … The god in charge of Athens was Athena, goddess of wisdom.

What made Athens so great?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

What are 3 reasons for colonization?

Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.

What is the purpose of colonization?

The purpose of colonization was to serve as a source of inexpensive labor and natural resources. The outcome of these colonies was never intended, culture development. This led to large trade enterprises and economical benefits for colonial powers.

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What factors led to colonialism?

The motivations for the first wave of colonial expansion can be summed up as God, Gold, and Glory: God, because missionaries felt it was their moral duty to spread Christianity, and they believed a higher power would reward them for saving the souls of colonial subjects; gold, because colonizers would exploit resources …