What are the characteristics of a Greek Revival house?

Characteristics. Homes in the Greek Revival style were usually painted white to resemble the white marble of impressive and costly public buildings. The details were bold, but with simple moldings. Heavy cornices, gables with pediments, and unadorned friezes were typical.

What makes a house a Greek Revival?

Defining characteristics of Greek Revival homes include a symmetrical shape, pilasters, columns, a porch entry, a window in the pediment, and plain or highly decorated cornices and friezes. Chimneys were placed as far back as possible to make the home look more like a Greek temple.

What is Greek Revival interior design?

Greek revival architecture is a style of construction that harkens back to the temples and popular constructions of ancient Greece. Classical Greek architecture dates to the fifth century and can be seen on the columns of the Parthenon in Athens, as well as the porticos of many Greek temples.

What kind of roof does a Greek Revival house have?

Roof Type and Material

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Ideally, Greek Revival homes should have a low-pitched gable and hip roof with a wide trim cornice line. This is necessary to emphasize the temple-like roof. Your roofer can install either standing seam tin or cedar shingles as the roofing materials.

How many stories does a Greek Revival house?

Probably the most impressive local variation is what architectural historian Henry Russell Hitchcock labeled the “peripteral mode.” This is a Grecian two-story building, most often a plantation house, without pediments, surrounded by colossal order columns. Typically, the grand white columns are on all four sides.

What does Greek Revival architecture look like?

It revived the style of ancient Greek architecture, in particular the Greek temple, with varying degrees of thoroughness and consistency. … Greek Revival architecture took a different course in a number of countries, lasting until the Civil War in America (1860s) and even later in Scotland.

What are the characteristics of the Gothic Revival architecture?

The most commonly identifiable feature of the Gothic Revival style is the pointed arch, used for windows, doors, and decorative elements like porches, dormers, or roof gables. Other characteristic details include steeply pitched roofs and front facing gables with delicate wooden trim called vergeboards or bargeboards.

When were Greek Revival houses built?

History of the Style

The Greek Revival style, popular in American during the 1830s through to the 1860s, was inspired by the classical Greek temple.

What is the difference between Greek Revival and Neoclassical?

Whereas Greek Revival architecture utilizes various classical elements, such as columns with Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian details, neoclassicism is characterized by a more whole-scale revival of entire and often grand-scale classical volumes.

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What are the characteristics of classical architecture?

Characteristics

  • Symmetry and proportions. Classical buildings are usually symmetrical and have elements like columns and windows that are evenly spaced out.
  • Columns in a specific style (or order). …
  • Front porch topped with a pediment. …
  • Durable building materials. …
  • Classical design motifs. …
  • Rectangular windows.

What is the purpose of Greek architecture?

Ever since the Geometric Period (900-725 BCE), the main task of the Greek architect was to design temples honouring one or more Greek deities.

What is Greek Revival architecture known for?

Greek Revival is a style of architecture inspired by the symmetry, proportion, simplicity, and elegance of the ancient Greek temples of 5th century B.C. In the United States, Greek Revival reached peak popularity from 1825 to 1860, which was the start of the Civil War.

Who made Greek Revival?

Alexander Parris. Alexander Parris, (born November 24, 1780, Hebron, District of Maine, Massachusetts, U.S.—died June 16, 1852, Pembroke, Massachusetts), American architect, a principal exponent of the Greek Revival style in early 19th-century Massachusetts.

What design principle is emphasized the most in Greek Revival architecture?

Greek Revival houses mimic the buildings of ancient Greece, with classical motifs and an emphasis on symmetry. This style was popularized in early 19th century America.