The many mountains and seas caused many rival city-states to develop.
What caused rivalry among the Greek city-states?
Winning by Losing. The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E.), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city-state was strong enough to conquer the others.
What were the two important rival city-states of ancient Greece?
In Ancient Greece, the cities of Athens and Sparta were such deadly rivals they were very often at war.
What was the cause of the development of many small independent city-states in ancient Greece?
What was one cause of the development of many small independent city-states in ancient Greece? Greece and Rome were often at war. The mountainous terrain of Greece resulted in widely scattered settlements. Military leaders found small Greek settlements easy to control.
What caused rivalry between Athens and Sparta?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
Why did Sparta and Athens rival?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
Why were city-states important in ancient Greece?
One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. … A final reason behind the development of city-states was the Greek aristocracy, who acted to prevent any permanent monarchies from forming.
Why did the ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems?
Why did ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems? … The mountainous topography resulted in the isolation of these city-states. Foreign travelers introduced new philosophies. For over three centuries, civil wars raged in these city-states.
How did the Greek Poleis develop?
The polis emerged from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization in Greece and by the 8th century BCE a significant process of urbanisation had begun. … The biggest was Sparta, although with some 8,500 km² of territory, this was exceptionally large and most poleis were small in size.
What was one cause of the development of many small independent cities?
What was one cause of the development of many small and independent city-states in ancient Greece? a. military leaders found small Greek settlements easy to control. … the mountainous terrain of Greece resulted in widely scattered settlements.
How did ancient Greece develop?
Ancient Greek civilization flourished from the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. By that time, Greek cultural influence had spread around the Mediterranean and, through Alexander the Great’s campaign of conquest, as far afield as India.
What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its development?
What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development? The mountainous terrain led to the creation of independent city-states. A lack of natural seaports limited communication. An inland location hindered trade and colonization.
Who were the rivals of ancient Athens?
The two rivals of ancient Greece that made the most noise and gave us the most traditions were Athens and Sparta. They were close together on a map, yet far apart in what they valued and how they lived their lives. In this lesson, students will explore the differences between these two city-states.
What Empire was the main rival of ancient Greece?
Rivalry of Sparta and Athens in Ancient Greece.
Was Athens and Sparta a rival?
The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures.