Bulgaria (Bulgarian: България), officially the Republic of Bulgaria, a unitary state on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe bordering the Black Sea in east. The country shares international borders with Greece, the Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Turkey.
What country did Bulgaria used to be?
Emerging from centuries of Ottoman rule, Bulgaria gained its independence in the late 19th century, joined the losing side of several conflagrations in the first half of the 20th century, and, despite gravitating toward the Axis powers in World War II, found itself within close orbit of the Soviet Union by mid-century.
What was Bulgaria called before?
From 1944-1989, the country was known as the “People’s Republic of Bulgaria” (PRB) and was ruled by the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP). Although Georgi Dimitrov had been in exile, mostly in the Soviet Union, since 1923, he was far from being a Soviet puppet.
Was Bulgaria a part of Russia?
Bulgaria remained part of the Soviet bloc until 1989, when the BCP began to drift away from the USSR. The first multi-party elections were held in 1990 and the BCP lost power in elections the following year.
Was Bulgaria the first country?
Bulgaria is the oldest country in Europe and the only country that has not changed its name since it was first established. In the 7th century AD, the Proto- Bulgarians led by Khan Asparuh crossed the Danube River and in 681, they established their own state south of the Danube.
Was Romania part of Bulgaria?
For several centuries “Romania” was part of Bulgaria. Hence the Slav rite in the Romanian Church and Slavonic political and cultural influence in general.
Was Bulgaria part of the Persian Empire?
In the late 6th century BC, parts of what is nowadays Bulgaria, in particular the eastern region of the country, came under the Persian Achaemenid Empire. In the 470s BC, the Thracians formed the powerful Odrysian Kingdom which lasted until 46 BC, when it was finally conquered by the Roman Empire.
What language is spoken in Bulgaria?
During the Ottoman occupation, which all Bulgarians, including Boykan, refer to as “the 500 years of slavery” Sofia was of prominence due to its location as the midpoint between Constantinople and Belgrade. Like so much of Eastern Europe, Sofia was a “used to” place.
When did Turkey invade Bulgaria?
|Date 1345 – July 1393 (48 years) Location Balkans Result Ottoman victory Ottomans annex the Bulgarian Empire|
|Bulgarian Empire Tsardom of Vidin||Ottoman Empire|
|Commanders and leaders|
What race are Bulgarians?
Bulgarians (Bulgarian: българи, romanized: Balgari, IPA: [ˈbɤɫɡɐri]) are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Bulgaria and its neighbouring region.
Who lived in Bulgaria before the Bulgarians?
Bulgar, also called Bulgarian, member of a people known in eastern European history during the Middle Ages. A branch of this people was one of the primary three ethnic ancestors of modern Bulgarians (the other two were Thracians and Slavs).
Is Bulgaria Middle Eastern?
Being a part of East-central Europe, Bulgaria is a crossing point and a transitional zone between West Europe, the Near and the Middle East, and the Mediterranean region.
What is the oldest nation in the world?
By many accounts, the Republic of San Marino, one of the world’s smallest countries, is also the world’s oldest country. The tiny country that is completely landlocked by Italy was founded on September 3rd in the year 301 BCE.
Is Bulgarian similar to Russian?
Bulgarian is in the South Slavic subfamily of Slavic languages that descended from the Balto-Slavic branches of Indo-European. … It is also closely related to East Slavic languages like Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Russian, and to West Slavic languages like Sorbian, Polish, Slovak, and Czech.