What did Sparta contribute to ancient Greece?

How did the Greek Spartans contribute to the Greek army? Greek Spartans contributed to the Greek army by being the best foot soldiers out of all of ancient Greece. They were also very good spear wielders and tacticians compared to the rest of ancient Greece.

What did Sparta contribute to society?

What did Sparta contribute to society? Sparta was the first society in ancient Greece to create a government with restrictions on power and checks and balances baked into its political system. The Lacedaemonian Constitution separated governing powers within varying branches of government, much like ours today.

Why was Sparta and Athens so important to ancient Greece?

The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). … The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority. ATHENS. The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom.

How did Sparta influence the world?

Sparta was the first society in ancient Greece to create a government with restrictions on power and checks and balances baked into its political system. The Lacedaemonian Constitution separated governing powers within varying branches of government, much like ours today.

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How did Sparta affect Greek society?

Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). … Although Spartan women were not active in the military, they were educated and enjoyed more status and freedom than other Greek women.

What was a Spartan military innovation?

Spartan Military Innovations. The hoplite phalanx, however, consisted of specially-armed infantry. … A phalanx could be as many as eight rows deep, and moving in formation, they were nearly unstoppable so long as their rear and flanks were protected. The phalanx was perfect for combat on open gound or level terrain.

What was Sparta known for in early Greece quizlet?

Athenian boys learned reading, writing, math, poetry, sports and music. The purpose was to train good warriors. Spartan boys and girls taught to fight at age six or seven. Women in Athens could NOT chose their husbands, couldn’t socialize, couldn’t own their own property and couldn’t go out alone.

How did Spartan society thrive and prosper?

Trade amongst the various Greek city states helped ensure mutual prosperity, and alliances helped to establish a balance of power that kept the Greeks from fighting too much amongst themselves, although there were conflicts.

Was Athens or Sparta more successful?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.

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Who won Sparta or Athens?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.

Why did Athens and Sparta develop so differently?

One way that Athens and Sparta really differed was in their idea of getting along with the rest of the Greeks. Sparta seemed content to keep to itself and provide military strength and assistance when necessary. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them.

What was Sparta’s environment like?

Sparta was well-situated on the plain of Laconia in the Peloponnese. To the west of Sparta lay the Taygetus mountain range; the Parnon mountain range was situated on the eastern side and the Arcadian mountains on the northern.

What did Spartans focus on?

Unique in ancient Greece for its social system and constitution, Spartan society focused heavily on military training and excellence. Spartan women enjoyed status, power, and respect that was unequaled in the rest of the classical world.

Was Sparta’s economy based on trade?

27.8 Spartan Economy

While the Athenian economy depended on trade, Sparta’s economy relied on farming and on conquering other people. Sparta didn’t have enough land to feed all its people, so Spartans took the land they needed from their neighbors.