What does Athens stand for?

Athens Add to list Share. Definitions of Athens. the capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena (its patron goddess) “in the 5th century BC ancient Athens was the world’s most powerful and civilized city” synonyms: Athinai, Greek capital, capital of Greece.

What did Athens stand for?

Athens was the measuring stick. If you lived in ancient Corinth, for example, you might hear someone say: “Our schools are good as those in Athens.” Several city-states were famous for their textiles, arts, sciences, drama, but most, except for Sparta and possibly Corinth, recognized that Athens was the shining star.

How did Athens get its name?

The name of Athens, connected to the name of its patron goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. … Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to give their name to it, so they competed with offering the city one gift each.

What is Athens known for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

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What is Athens real name?

The initial name of Athens was “Coast” or “Aktiki,” and it was taken from the first king of the land, King Aktaio. Afterwards, as the city continued to grow, Aktaio’s successor, King Cecrops, named the city after himself.

What did Sparta represent?

Ancient Sparta was the home of the Spartan warriors, famed for their fearless spirit and resolute self-discipline. Spartan society was unique in ancient Greece. It was isolated and inspired by war and represented a paradox of equality and enslavement.

Why is Athens a great city?

During the time of the Ancient Greeks it was the center of power, art, science, and philosophy in the world. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world as well, with recorded history going back over 3400 years. It is the birth place of democracy and the heart of the Ancient Greek civilization.

Who built Athens?

According to Greek mythology, the first city of Athens was Phoenician and Cecrops was the king who founded it. The city of Athens was officially created the day the Gods decided to have a contest: the growing city would be named after the deity who would offer to mortals the most useful gift.

Who was the ugliest god?

Hephaestus. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. He is the only god to be physically ugly.

Who founded Athens?

According to the Greek mythology, Cecrops, who was half man and half serpent, founded Athens and became the first king. Around the tenth century B.C., the settlers formed twelve cities, of which Athens was always dominant.

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What are 5 facts about Athens?

15 Incredible Facts About Athens

  • Athens is Europe’s oldest capital. …
  • Athens has experienced almost every form of government. …
  • If it weren’t for an olive tree, Poseidon might have been the city’s patron. …
  • The ancient Olympic games were never held in Athens. …
  • Athens is home to the first known democracy.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

First of all, as Sparta claimed, they spared them because of their great contribution during the Persian wars. In those wars Athens was one of the leaders of the coaliation and its men and ships helped won several battles that saved the Greek city-states, most notably Marathon and Salamis.

Why is Athens so popular?

Plenty for culture vultures. Athens is steeped in history and culture, from the ancient ruins dotted around the city, to its fascinating museums. … It’s thousands of years old and home to some seriously incredible ruins, including the world-famous Parthenon temple and Theatre of Dionysus.

How do u pronounce Athens?

a city in and the capital of Greece, in the southeastern part. Greek A·the·nai [ah-thee-ne] .

What is the nickname for Athens Greece?

The City of the Violet Crown

The word Ion means violet in Greek, and Athens was the city where the King Ion was crowned.

How old is Sparta?

Reputedly founded in the 9th century bce with a rigid oligarchic constitution, the state of Sparta for centuries retained as lifetime corulers two kings who arbitrated in time of war. In time of peace, power was concentrated in a Senate of 30 members.

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