What does the Greek word Strategos mean?

1 : a leader of an ancient and especially an ancient Greek army. 2 : an officer associated with the hipparch as chief executive of the boule in the Achaean and Aetolian Leagues.

What does strategos mean in Greek?

Strategos, plural strategoi, Latinized strategus, (Greek: στρατηγός, pl. στρατηγοί; Doric Greek: στραταγός, stratagos; meaning “army leader”) is used in Greek to mean military general. In the Hellenistic world and the Byzantine Empire the term was also used to describe a military governor.

What does strategos the origin of the English word strategy mean in Greek?

The term “strategy” is derived indirectly from the Classic and Byzantine (330 A.D.) Greek “strategos,” which means “general.” While the term is credited to the Greeks, no Greek ever used the word.

What did a strategos do?

A strategos might be given special powers to take decisions in the field without reference back to Athens. At home the strategoi were responsible for calling up citizens and metics for military service, and for organizing the maintenance and command of ships by the system of trierarchies.

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What is the role of a strategos within the military?

Strategos in the Modern Greek Military

In the Hellenic Army, the modern rank of strategos, spelled stratigos, remains the highest ranking general in the military. … Since ancient times, the Greek people have placed much power and responsibility in strategoi, vesting both military and civilian power in the rank.

What is the Strategos in Ender game?

The Strategos (plural strategoi) (literally meaning “army leader”) was a military position in charge of the defense of the Solar System. The Strategos was one of the two military leaders of the International Fleet, the other being the Polemarch.

Who created the word strategy?

The term “strategy” is derived indirectly from the Classic and Byzantine (330 A.D.) Greek “strategos,” which means “general.” While the term is credited to the Greeks, no Greek ever used the word.

What is intended strategy and emergent strategy?

An intended strategy is the strategy that an organization hopes to execute. Intended strategies are usually described in detail within an organization’s strategic plan. … An emergent strategy is an unplanned strategy that arises in response to unexpected opportunities and challenges.

What were ancient Greek generals called?

strategus, plural Strategi, Greek Stratēgos, plural Stratēgoi, in ancient Greece, a general, frequently functioning as a state officer with wider functions; also, a high official in medieval Byzantium.

What were Greek commanders called?

Strategos was the title of the commander of a Greek army; we might call them “general”. In a hoplite battle, his place was in the first rank of the phalanx. In democratic Athens, ten generals were elected each year, who were under the supreme command of the polemarch (“war leader”).

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What did Pericles do?

Pericles was an Athenian statesman who played a large role in developing democracy in Athens and helped make it the political and cultural center of ancient Greece. Pericles was born in 495 B.C.E. in Athens to an aristocratic family. … However, his most memorable feat was erecting the Acropolis in Athens.

Why is Greece referred to as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of democracy?

It is widely referred to as the Cradle of Western civilization and the Birthplace of Democracy, largely due to the impact of its cultural and political achievements during the 5th and 4th centuries BC on the rest of the then known European continent.

Who did Greece fight in two major wars while Pericles was still a child?

Pericles grew up during the time of the Persian Wars. When Pericles was around three years old, Athens faced the first major assault from the Persians, but won a decisive victory at the Battle of Marathon. Ten years later Athens once again faced the Persians.

What is the name of the famous temple that Pericles had constructed in honor of the goddess Athena?

Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”).