What happened in the Greek Archaic period?

The archaic period began with a massive increase in the Greek population and of significant changes that rendered the Greek world at the end of the 8th century entirely unrecognisable from its beginning. … The archaic period saw developments in Greek politics, economics, international relations, warfare and culture.

What is the Archaic period in ancient Greece known for?

The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the years 700-480 B.C., not the Classical Age (480-323 B.C.) known for its art, architecture and philosophy. Archaic Greece saw advances in art, poetry and technology, but is known as the age in which the polis, or city-state, was invented.

What was the most important change to take place during the Archaic era?

These changes occurred due to the increasing population of Greece and its increasing amount trade, which in turn led to colonization and a new age of intellectual ideas, the most important of which (at least to the modern Western World) was Democracy.

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What are the most relevant historical events of archaic Greece?

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  • Beginning of Mycenaean Period (1600 BC–1100 BC)
  • The Trojan War (1250 BC)
  • Introduction of the Olympic Games (776 BC)
  • The Rise of the Greek Tyrants (650 BC)
  • Coin Currency Introduced (600 BC)
  • Age of Pericles (445 BC–429 BC)
  • Second Peloponnesian War: Athens versus Sparta (431 BC)

What was life like in archaic Greece?

The ancient Greeks kept themselves busy and there were plenty of chores, distractions and entertainments available to keep daily life varied. Shopping in the markets of the agora, performing jury service, watching sporting events or listening to the latest play kept the Greeks out of the house.

What three statue types dominated the Archaic period?

The three main types of Archaic sculpture are (1) Statues; (2) Pedimental Sculptures and (3) Reliefs. the statue: in particular, the development of the male and female form.

What are the most important features of the archaic tradition?

The primary characteristic of Archaic cultures is a change in subsistence and lifestyle; their Paleo-Indian predecessors were highly nomadic, specialized hunters and gatherers who relied on a few species of wild plants and game, but Archaic peoples lived in larger groups, were sedentary for part of the year, and …

How long did the Archaic period last?

The Archaic Period of Georgia prehistory lasted from about 10,000 to 3,000 years ago. Archaeologists have divided this very long period into three main subperiods: Early, Middle, and Late.

What food did the archaic use?

Archaic people hunted animals that are familiar to us today, including deer, elk, and bighorn sheep. People also ate smaller animals such as rabbits and rodents. Archaic people ate many different kinds of wild plant foods, including greens (leaves), seeds, nuts, and fruits.

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What was the turning point that caused a shift from the Archaic period to the Classical period in Greece?

The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …

What statues became important during Archaic period?

In the Archaic Period the most important sculptural form was the kouros (See for example Biton and Kleobis).

Why is Greek history important?

Ancient Greece is remembered for developing democracy, inventing Western philosophy, realistic art, developing theater like comedy and tragedy, the Olympic Games, inventing pi, and the Pythagoras theorem. Why is ancient Greece important to Western civilization?

What happened during the Greek Golden Age?

The “golden age” of Greece lasted for little more than a century but it laid the foundations of western civilization. The age began with the unlikely defeat of a vast Persian army by badly outnumbered Greeks and it ended with an inglorious and lengthy war between Athens and Sparta.

What is Greece known for in history?

Greece is known for being the cradle of Western Civilization, the birthplace of democracy, the Olympic Games, and its ancient history and magnificent temples. Ancient temples in Greece include the Parthenon at the Acropolis in Athens, the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, and the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion.