What is a group of armed foot soldiers in ancient Greece arranged close together in rows?

What is a group of Greek soldiers called?

They fought in a rectangular group called a phalanx, covering themselves with shields for protection. The Greeks believed that warriors who died in battle gained great glory.

What were foot soldiers in Greece called?

A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and make themselves available for the role when necessary.

Who were the heavily armed foot soldiers of ancient Greece?

hoplite, heavily armed ancient Greek foot soldier whose function was to fight in close formation.

What was a massive formation of heavily armed Greek foot soldiers called?

99. Massive military formation of heavily armed foot soldiers working together in a tight formation developed by the Ancient Greeks. . Page 11. Phalanx.

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What did the Greek soldiers carry?

A full set of armor included a shield, a bronze breastplate, a helmet, and greaves that protected the shins. Most soldiers carried a long spear called a doru and a short sword called a xiphos.

What was armour called in Greece?

The defensive armour most used consisted of four pieces: helmet (kranos), cuirass (thorax), shield (aspis) and greaves (knimis). A weapon is called hoplon from which panoply and hoplite (a man with weapons) is derived (initially the shield was called hoplon (όπλον) but today hoplon is a general name for weapon).

What are foot soldiers called?

Also known as foot soldiers, infantrymen or infanteer, infantry traditionally rely on traveling by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts (mounted infantry), military vehicles (motorized, and mechanized infantry), watercraft (naval infantry), or aircraft (airborne infantry) for between-combat mobility …

What were Athenian soldiers called?

Hoplites were the citizen-soldiers of the Ancient Greek City-states (except Spartans who were professional soldiers). They were primarily armed as spear-men and fought in a phalanx (see below).

What is the name for a wall of shields created by foot soldiers marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation?

Phalanx is a wall of shields created by foot soldiers marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation. Polis is the early Greek city-state, consisting of a city or town and its surrounding countryside.

What is tactical formation of armed foot soldiers?

phalanx, in military science, tactical formation consisting of a block of heavily armed infantry standing shoulder to shoulder in files several ranks deep. Fully developed by the ancient Greeks, it survived in modified form into the gunpowder era and is viewed today as the beginning of European military development.

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Did ancient Greece have an army?

The backbone of the Greek army was the ‘hoplite’. He was a foot soldier, who fought with a long spear and used a large round shield for protection. In battle, hoplites fought as a team. … The Greeks had archers and cavalry too, but it was the phalanx that won many famous battles.

Who has the best army in ancient Greece?

The Spartans were widely considered to have the strongest army and the best soldiers of any city-state in Ancient Greece. All Spartan men trained to become warriors from the day they were born. The Spartan Army fought in a Phalanx formation.

What was the Spartan fighting formation called?

The Spartans’ constant military drilling and discipline made them skilled at the ancient Greek style of fighting in a phalanx formation. In the phalanx, the army worked as a unit in a close, deep formation, and made coordinated mass maneuvers.

What was the ancient name for this heavily colonized area of southern Italy and Sicily?

Magna Graecia (Megalē Hellas) refers to the coastal areas of southern Italy which were colonized by various ancient Greek city-states from the 8th to 5th centuries BCE. Sicily, although also a region of Greek colonization, is not usually included in this area.

What were the three major battles of the Persian War?

Several of the most famous and significant battles in history were fought during the Wars, these were at Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea, all of which would become legendary. The Greeks were, ultimately, victorious and their civilization preserved.

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