The second declension, in contrast to the first, consists primarily of masculine and neuter nouns. It is occasionally referred to as the ο-declension, because of the recurrence of the vowel omicron. … As in the first declension, the declension remains identical in the nominative, vocative, and accusative of the dual.
What is the difference between 1st and 2nd declension?
1st declension nouns are (almost always) feminine in gender. 2nd declension nouns are masculine or neuter. Again, the gender is arbitrary, but the declension patterns are associated with certain grammatical genders. Adjectives, however, have no inherent gender.
What is the first declension in Greek?
< Ancient Greek | Basic Nouns. The first declension consists primarily of feminine nouns, with a few masculines. It is characterized by the recurrence of the letter alpha, and for this reason it is often referred to as the alpha declension, although the alpha was often changed to eta in the Attic dialect.
What are declensions in Ancient Greek?
Almost all Greek nouns belong to one of three INFLECTION patterns, called the FIRST DECLENSION, SECOND DECLENSION, and THIRD DECLENSION. Each represents a particular set of CASE ENDINGS for gender, number, and case.
What does declension mean in Greek?
In Ancient Greek, all nouns are classified according to grammatical gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) and are used in a number (singular, dual, or plural). … The set of forms that a noun will take for each case and number is determined by the declension that it follows.
What declension is Dominus?
Masculine ‘-us’ ending
What does 1st declension mean in Latin?
The first declension is a category of declension that consists of mostly feminine nouns in Ancient Greek and Latin with the defining feature of a long ā (analysed as either a part of the stem or a case-ending). … In Latin and Greek grammar, the first declension is analyzed as a thematic declension.
What is the second declension in Latin?
The second declension is characterized by an “-o”. This is the declension you would use if you wanted to decline the name Aurelius as in Marcus Aurelius*. Second declension nouns in Latin are mostly masculine or neuter, but there are also feminine nouns that are declined like masculine ones.
What is a 1st declension noun?
Nouns are divided into groups called declensions. Nouns that end in ‘-a’ belong to the first declension. They are mostly feminine.
How many declensions are there in Greece?
There are five CASES in Greek, the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and vocative. In English, readers rely on the order in which words appear in a sentence to indicate the grammatical function of each word. In Ancient Greek, their case tells the reader the grammatical function of each word in the sentence.
Does modern Greek have declensions?
Greek is a largely synthetic (inflectional) language. … Nouns, adjectives and verbs are each divided into several inflectional classes (declension classes and conjugation classes), which have different sets of endings.
What is an article in Greek?
Greek has three different definite articles – ο, η, and το (o, i, to, “the”) for the masculine, feminine, and neuter genders, respectively. … An article defines a noun and it needs to always “agree” with it in gender, number, and case.
Does ancient Greek have articles?
Attic Greek has a definite article, but no indefinite article. Thus ἡ πόλις (hē pólis) “the city”, but πόλις (pólis) “a city”. The definite article agrees with its associated noun in number, gender and case. The article is more widely used in Greek than the word the in English.
What does second declension mean in Greek?
The second declension is a category of nouns in Latin and Greek with similar case formation. … In Classical Latin, the short o of the nominative and accusative singular became u. Both Latin and Greek have two basic classes of second-declension nouns: masculine or feminine in one class, neuter in another.
How many Greek articles are there?
In English, there are two articles: “the” is the definite article, and “a” is the indefinite article. Greek has only one article – since there are 24 forms for it, they couldn’t afford a second one.
Does Greek have gender?
The GENDER of Greek nouns is assigned arbitrarily. Some nouns are Masculine, some are Feminine, and some are Neuter. Each GENDER has different endings, but the key way to distinguish them is by the form of the Greek word for ‘the’ or the word for ‘a’.