Although king of ancient Macedonia for less than 13 years, Alexander the Great changed the course of history. One of the world’s greatest military generals, he created a vast empire that stretched from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to part of India. This allowed for Hellenistic culture to become widespread.
Which Macedonian king conquered southern Greece of the city states?
Macedonia was a small kingdom centered along the Aegean Sea on the northeastern part of the Greek Peninsula. Greek political power was concentrated in southern city-states such as Athens, Sparta and Thebes, until the Macedonian king Phillip II conquered these areas during the first half of the fourth century B.C.
What did Macedonian king admire about Greece How did the Greeks feel about the Macedonians?
What did Macedonian kings admire about Greece? … Macedonian kings admired Greek culture. Greeks thought the Macedonians were barbarians.
What did Macedonian kings admire about Greece quizlet?
What did Macedonian kings admire about Greece? The Macedonians admired the Greek culture including the works of philosophers.
What is the name for the period between Alexander’s conquest and the Roman Empire?
Introduction. The three centuries of Greek history between the death of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.E. and the rise of Augustus in Rome in 31 B.C.E. are collectively known as the Hellenistic period (1).
Who was the king who conquered the Greeks?
In 338 B.C.E., King Philip of Macedon invaded and conquered the Greek city-states. Philip took advantage of the fact that the Greek city-states were divided by years of squabbling and infighting. Philip succeeded in doing what years of fighting between city-states had not done. He united Greece.
What Macedonian king conquered Greece What organization of Greek city-states did he find?
After defeating the Greek city-states of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, Philip II led the effort to establish a federation of Greek states known as the League of Corinth, with him as the elected hegemon and commander-in-chief of Greece for a planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
What did Alexander do after he conquered Egypt?
After conquering Egypt, Alexander faced Darius and his massive troops at Gaugamela in October 331 B.C. Following fierce fighting and heavy losses on both sides, Darius fled and was assassinated by his own troops. It’s said Alexander was sad when he found Darius’s body and he gave him a royal burial.
What did Philip II admire about the Greeks?
What three things did Philip II especially admire about the Greeks? Art, ideas, and armies.
How did Philip II feel about Greeks?
He believed in the Greek gods and learned philosophy. He admired the Greeks – – and he wanted to rule all of them. Philip II had watched the Greeks fight against each other for a very long time.
Who taught Alexander the Great?
From age 13 to 16 he was taught by the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who inspired his interest in philosophy, medicine, and scientific investigation. As a teenager, Alexander became known for his exploits on the battlefield.
What caused the weakening of the Greek city-states before the Macedonian invasion?
The Peloponnesian War severely weakened several Greek city-states. This caused a rapid decline in their military and economic power. In the nearby kingdom of Macedonia, King Philip II took note. … In 359 B.C., Philip II became king of Macedonia.
How long did the Peloponnesian War last?
The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC.
How did the Macedonians and Greeks conquer the Persian Empire?
Backed by his shiny new army, Philip marched south in 338 B.C. and defeated an all-star alliance of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea. … With the Greek mainland subdued under Macedonian rule, Philip turned his well-oiled army East toward the Persian Empire, a far greater prize.
Who did Greece ally with to fight against Rome?
The ambitious Macedonian king Philip V set out to attack Rome’s client states in neighbouring Illyria and confirmed his purpose in 215 by making an alliance with Hannibal of Carthage against Rome.
When did Rome conquer Greece?
The definitive Roman occupation of the Greek world was established after the Battle of Actium (31 BC), in which Augustus defeated Cleopatra VII, the Greek Ptolemaic queen of Egypt, and the Roman general Mark Antony, and afterwards conquered Alexandria (30 BC), the last great city of Hellenistic Greece.