What resources did the ancient Greeks use?

Natural resources of gold and silver were available in the mountains of Thrace in northern Greece and on the island of Siphnos, while silver was mined from Laurion in Attica. Supplies of iron ores were also available on the mainland and in the Aegean islands.

How did ancient Greece use its resources?

Using Natural Resources in Ancient Greece

They planted olive trees and grape vines that could grow on a hill. They made oil from the olives and wine from the grapes, and used goats and sheep for milk, cheese, and wool. The mountainous islands of Greece limited the amount of farmland to the Greeks.

What resources did the Greeks use for building?

Materials. The Greeks certainly had a preference for marble, at least for their public buildings. Initially, though, wood would have been used for not only such basic architectural elements as columns but the entire buildings themselves.

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What resources did the ancient Greeks have to import?

Ancient Greece’s position in the Mediterranean allowed them to control some crucial trade routes and seaports. Some popular imports at the time were salt fish, wheat, papyrus, wood, glass, and metals such as tin, copper and silver. In addition to trade with products, the Greek’s also used currency.

What was the most important resource in Greece?

Some of the minerals in the country include nickel and bauxite, two minerals which Greece is the leading producer in the European Union. Minerals are some of the country’s chief export items with petroleum products and aluminum being Greece’s primary export goods.

What resources does Greece lack?

Greece has few natural resources. Its only substantial mineral deposits are of nonferrous metals, notably bauxite. The country also has small deposits of silver ore and marble, which are mined.

What were three items traded by Greek merchants?

Traded Goods

  • cereals.
  • wine.
  • olives.
  • figs.
  • pulses.
  • eels.
  • cheese.
  • honey.

What material are Greek temples made of?

Temples were originally made of wood. However, as cities became wealthier, temples became primarily built of stone, with the most important being constructed of expensive marble.

What materials were used in Roman architecture?

Roman builders utilized naturally occurring materials, primarily stone, timber and marble. Manufactured materials consisted of brick and glass and composite materials consisted of concrete.

What were the materials used to build the Parthenon?

The main building material was Pentelic marble quarried from the flanks of Mt. Pentelikon, located about 10 mi/ 16 km from Athens. (The old Parthenon, the one destroyed by the Persians while it was partway through construction was the first temple to use this kind of marble.)

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What goods did ancient Greece trade?

Trade. Greece’s main exports were olive oil, wine, pottery, and metalwork. Imports included grains and pork from Sicily, Arabia, Egypt, Ancient Carthage, and the Bosporan Kingdom.

What are three goods that Greeks produced and traded along the Mediterranean Sea?

Greeks began to trade with other people in the Mediterranean, often exporting wine, olive oil, pottery, and wood, and importing wheat. Around 700 B.C. Greeks achieved large-scale trade. Among their own city-states they traded grain, wine, olive oil, wood, pottery, and metal works.

How much did olive oil cost in ancient Greece?

The typical costs of goods in ancient Greece: A loaf of bread = 1 obol. A lamb = 8 drachmas. A gallon of olive oil = 5 drachmas. A pair of shoes = 8 drachmas.

What crops did ancient Greece grow?

The most widely cultivated crop was wheat – especially emmer (triticum dicoccum) and durum (triticum durum) – and hulled barley (hordeum vulgare). Millet was grown in areas with greater rainfall. Gruel from barley and barley-cakes were more common than bread made from wheat.

What type of agriculture is used in Greece?

Agriculture is centered in the plains of Thessaly, Macedonia, and Thrace, where corn, wheat, barley, sugar beets, cotton, and tobacco are harvested.

What products does Greece manufacture?

Greece’s main industries are tourism, shipping, industrial products, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products, mining and petroleum.