Democracy – rule by the people (male citizens). Monarchy – rule by an individual who had inherited his role. Oligarchy – rule by a select group of individuals. Tyranny – rule by an individual who had seized power by unconstitutional means.
What are the 4 types of government in ancient Greece?
Objective: Students will be able to compile all of the information they learned on the four governments (Monarchy, Oligarchy, Tyranny, Democracy).
How is the government organized in Greece?
Greece is a parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the President of Greece is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Greece is the head of government within a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Hellenic Parliament.
How was ancient Athens government structured?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
What was a structure used for watching Greek plays called?
In the center of the orchestra there was often a thymele, or altar. The orchestra of the theater of Dionysus in Athens was about 60 feet in diameter. Theatron: The theatron (literally, “viewing-place”) is where the spectators sat.
How was Greece divided for government short answer?
The four most common systems of Greek government were: Democracy – rule by the people (male citizens). Monarchy – rule by an individual who had inherited his role. Oligarchy – rule by a select group of individuals.
Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class. The upper class consisted of those born to Athenian parents. They were considered the citizens of Athens.
What is the Greek government called?
Government of Greece (officially: Government of the Hellenic Republic; also Greek Government or Hellenic Government) is the government of the Third Hellenic Republic, reformed to its present form in 1974. The head of government is the Prime Minister of Greece.
How did the structure of government in ancient Athens provide opportunities to participate in decision making?
Athenian democracy refers to the system of democratic government used in Athens, Greece from the 5th to 4th century BCE. Under this system, all male citizens – the dēmos – had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.
What two structures did Athenians use to govern?
However, not everyone who lived in Athens was a citizen. Only men who had completed their military training were counted as citizens. There were three main bodies of the government: the Assembly, the Council of 500, and the Courts.
What was the system of government in ancient Greek and Roman called?
Ancient Greek and Rome had their federal structure of Government. Later on, they also had Monarchy and Kingship. The Greeks were successful in their democratic city states. The idea of republicanism was developed by the Romans.
What are the 3 main parts of a Greek Theater?
The theater was constructed of three major parts: skene, orchestra, theatron. The skene was originally a hut, tent, or booth; skene means “tent” and refers to a wooden wall having doors and painted to represent a palace, temple or whatever setting was required.
What is Greek architecture known for?
Greek architecture is known for tall columns, intricate detail, symmetry, harmony, and balance. The Greeks built all sorts of buildings. The main examples of Greek architecture that survive today are the large temples that they built to their gods.
What was the Greek Theatre constructed in the unique shape that it was?
The theatres were open air and built in a semi-circular shape with rows of tiered stone seating around it. The shape of the theatres gave everyone in the audience excellent viewing and also meant they could hear the actors well too.