Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class. The upper class consisted of those born to Athenian parents. They were considered the citizens of Athens.
What are two important values of ancient Greek society?
The ancient Greeks implemented their values of loyalty, glory, intelligence and hospitality into everyday life. While these values may seem simple, they effectively shaped an entire civilization into a culture that is one of the most referenced in history.
What was the double standard of Greek society?
Because of double standards in ancient Greek society, men are allowed to wed and sleep with whoever they please and women are supposed to wed and to never to express their sexuality. Helen is another great example of double standards. During the Trojan War Helen was being fought over my two different men.
What are the two great powerful societies of ancient Greece?
Some of the most important city-states were Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Corinth, and Delphi. Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture.
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class.
What double standard is demonstrated throughout the Odyssey?
Double Standards In The Odyssey
In the epic, there is also a demonstration of inequality between men and women. The idea of guile in The Odyssey was raised multiple times throughout the epic and it was often considered to be wisdom.
Why are sororities stricter than frats?
Sorority women have, and continue to be, held to a stricter set of standards than their fraternity counterparts. … The sorority recruitment standards are so strict and structured that a sister is forbidden to talk to a potential new member during the process outside of the designated times and rooms allocated for rush.
What were the two ancient civilizations that actually had citizens?
Pocock have suggested that the modern-day ideal of citizenship was first articulated by the ancient Athenians and Romans, although he suggested that the “transmission” of the sense of citizenship over two millennia was essentially a myth enshrouding western civilization.
What were the Greek poet Homer’s two most famous works of literature?
Homer is the presumed author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two hugely influential epic poems of ancient Greece. If Homer did in fact compose the works, he is one of the greatest literary artists in the world, and, through these poems, he affected Western standards and ideas.
What aspects of Greek culture united the Greek city-states?
The cultural elements that were common to all Greek city-states were epics, alphabet, religion. Although the geographical features forced ancient greeks to create many different city-states, they shared culture. Geography landscapes such as mountains and many islands divided the city-states.
1 The Polites
At the top of ancient Greece’s social hierarchy were the polites. These were the aristocrats of Greece: native, free, adult men who made up the polis, or city state, which was at the heart of ancient Greek civilization and identity.
social class, also called class, a group of people within a society who possess the same socioeconomic status. Besides being important in social theory, the concept of class as a collection of individuals sharing similar economic circumstances has been widely used in censuses and in studies of social mobility.
The social stratifications for both societies had a few similarities, but overall were very different. The social stratification in both societies was mostly determined by birth, similar to the caste system, with almost no social mobility.