When did Thessalonica become Thessaloniki?
“Every man in the last war did not know it as Salonika.” Mr. Wilks of Newbury tried to calm matters by helpfully pointing out that in 1937 “by Greek royal decree, Salonika reverted to Thessaloniki.” In fact it had been officially known by the Greek form since the Ottomans were defeated in 1912.
Who founded Thessaloniki?
The town was founded around 315 BC by King Cassander of Macedon, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma and twenty-six other local villages. King Cassander of Macedon named the new city after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great.
Why did Thessaloniki fall to the Ottomans?
In 1422, after the Byzantines supported Mustafa Çelebi as a rival pretender against him, Murad attacked Thessalonica. … This impasse led to an Ottoman blockade of Thessalonica, which occasionally flared up with direct attacks on the city.
What was Greece before 1821?
This period of Ottoman rule in Greece, lasting from the mid-15th century until the successful Greek War of Independence that broke out in 1821 and the proclamation of the First Hellenic Republic in 1822 (preceded by the creation of the autonomous Septinsular Republic in 1800), is known in Greek as Tourkokratia (Greek: …
When was the White Tower of Thessaloniki built?
The White Tower was built in the fifteenth century after the fall of Thessaloniki to the Ottomans in 1430. At its location there had been an older tower belonging to Thessaloniki’s Byzantine fortifications, where the eastern wall met the sea wall.
Is Thessaloniki a Greek island?
Thessaloniki is the second biggest city in Greece and it is located in the north of the country. From the port of Thessaloniki, you can travel by ferry to the North Aegean islands, the Sporades, the Cyclades and Crete.
Where is Thessalonians in the Bible?
The First Letter of Paul to the Thessalonians and the Second Letter of Paul to the Thessalonians are the 13th and 14th books of the New Testament canon.
Who are the Thessalonians today?
Thessalonica (also Thessalonike) was an ancient city of Macedon in northern Greece which today is the city of Thessaloniki.
How old is Athens?
[atʰɛ̂ːnai̯]) is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.
What is the population of Thessaloniki Greece 2020?
The current metro area population of Thessaloniki in 2021 is 813,000, a 0.12% increase from 2020. The metro area population of Thessaloniki in 2020 was 812,000, a 0.12% increase from 2019. The metro area population of Thessaloniki in 2019 was 811,000, a 0% increase from 2018.
What is Thessalonica in the Bible?
The First Epistle to the Thessalonians, commonly referred to as First Thessalonians or 1 Thessalonians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle, and is addressed to the church in Thessalonica, in modern-day Greece.
How long was Greece under Turkish rule?
For nearly 400 years after 1453, when the Ottoman Turks invaded Constantinople, finishing off the Byzantine Empire, Greece was among the countries that languished under their regime.
Who did Greece gain independence from?
Russia invaded the Ottoman Empire and forced it to accept Greek autonomy in the Treaty of Adrianople (1829). After nine years of war, Greece was finally recognized as an independent state under the London Protocol of February 1830.
When did Greece invade Turkey?
Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922)
|Date||15 May 1919 – 11 October 1922 (3 years, 4 months, 3 weeks and 5 days)|
|Result||Turkish victory 11 September 1922 Revolution in Greece Greece-Turkey population exchange Treaty of Lausanne|