Probably the most common source of slaves for Athens was trade with foreign countries, through which people that other countries had enslaved through war and piracy would be sold. Slaves in Athens took on a wide variety of roles, including menial labor, domestic jobs, technical crafts, and more.
Where did Athens get their slaves?
Slavery was common in antiquity, and the Athenians used thousands of slaves in their private homes, factories, and mines, and also as civil servants. Slaves were usually captured in war and came from all over the Mediterranean, including other Greek cities.
Who were the Athenian slaves?
Athenian slaves were the property of their master (or of the state), who could dispose of them as he saw fit. He could give, sell, rent, or bequeath them. A slave could have a spouse and child, but the slave family was not recognized by the state, and the master could scatter the family members at any time.
When did Athens have slaves?
Servitude was widespread in Greek antiquity. Athens alone was home to an estimated 60,000–80,000 slaves during the fifth and fourth centuries BC, with each household having an average of three or four enslaved people attached to it.
Did Greece have African slaves?
Africans also served as slaves in ancient Greece (74.51. 2263), together with both Greeks and other non-Greek peoples who were enslaved during wartime and through piracy.
How were slaves in Sparta different from slaves in Athens?
In Sparta, there were state-owned slaves called helots. … In Athens, the lives of slaves were somewhat better. Slaves were privately owned in Athens, and each new slave was welcomed into the family with a ceremony. Slaves in Athens often worked with free citizens, although they were not paid.
What race were slaves in ancient Greece?
Most slaves were prisoners of war (mostly against other Greek city states or in their colonial expansion) or were debtors or convicts. There were also imported “barbarians” either by trade or the wars that weren’t against their fellow Greeks.
What was unusual about the slaves in Athens?
Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. … Next in status were domestic slaves who, under certain circumstances, might be allowed to buy their own freedom.
Which had slaves Athens or Sparta?
Like most of the ancient world, Athens had slaves, who had been captured in wars. About 100,000 men and women slaves made up about a third of the population.
How was Sparta different from Athens?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. … Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state.