Who betrayed Athens in the Peloponnesian War?

In 406 BC Alcibiades set out from Athens with 1,500 hoplites and a hundred ships.

Who betrayed Athens?

Alcibiades, (born c. 450 bce, Athens [Greece]—died 404, Phrygia [now in Turkey]), brilliant but unscrupulous Athenian politician and military commander who provoked the sharp political antagonisms at Athens that were the main causes of Athens’ defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 bce).

Who was the enemy of Athens in the Peloponnesian War?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.).

Why did Alcibiades betray Athens?

Alcibiades tried to convince the satrap that it was in Persia’s interest to wear both Athens and Sparta out at first, “and after docking the Athenian power as much as he could, forthwith to rid the country of the Peloponnesians”.

Did Athens betray Sparta?

War reignited decisively around 415 B.C. when Athens received a call to help allies in Sicily against invaders from Syracuse, where an Athenian official defected to Sparta, convincing them that Athens was planning to conquer Italy. Sparta sided with Syracuse and defeated the Athenians in a major sea battle.

IT\'S FUNNING:  What was Athens rich in?

Who were Athens allies in the Peloponnesian War?

Peloponnesian War, (431–404 bce), war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta. Each stood at the head of alliances that, between them, included nearly every Greek city-state.

Who did Alcibiades betray?

Q: How do we know of Alcibiades with Socrates? Alcibiades was one of Socrates’ more beloved and assiduous students, who appears in four dialogues. Q: What made Alcibiades betray Athens? Alcibiades’ very aggressive political stance led his enemies to run him out of Athens on the charge of sacrilege.

What caused Athens to lose Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

What caused the downfall of Athens?

Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders. Their arrogance was a result of great leadership in the Persian Wars, and it led to the end of Athenian power in Greece.

What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War?

What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War? … the war left Greece exhausted and vulnerable to attack. Persia was able to take advantage of Greek divisions to complete its conquest. Sparta’s victory propelled it to lasting domination of Greece.

IT\'S FUNNING:  You asked: Can you adopt a cat from Greece?

Why does Alcibiades love Socrates?

Alcibiades, as the younger, handsome man, would be expected to be the loved one of Socrates, and Socrates would be expected to pursue him in order to gain sexual gratification. Alcibiades finds none of his advances working, and ends up switching roles, where he becomes the lover in hot pursuit of Socrates.

What does the name Alcibiades mean?

Meaning & History

Latinized form of the Greek name Ἀλκιβιάδης (Alkibiades), derived from ἀλκή (alke) meaning “strength” and βία (bia) meaning “force” with the patronymic suffix ἴδης (ides).

Who betrayed Sparta?

In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans, Ephialtes was portrayed by Kieron Moore and is depicted as a loner who worked on a goat farm near Thermopylae. He betrays the Spartans to the Persians out of greed for riches, and, it is implied, unrequited love for a Spartan girl named Ellas.

Who won the Athens and Sparta war?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

Who defeated Sparta?

A large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. More than 5,300 of the Spartans and their allies were killed in battle, and 3,500 of Antipater’s troops.