The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E.), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city-state was strong enough to conquer the others.
Which 2 Greek city-states fought a war against each other?
Peloponnesian War, (431–404 bce), war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta. Each stood at the head of alliances that, between them, included nearly every Greek city-state.
Who did the Greek city-states unite to fight?
The expedition of Xerxes (480–479 bce)
The Greeks therefore had ample time to make preparations. The problem of uniting those states that had the will to resist Persia, about 30 in number, was solved by Sparta, which held a congress of delegates and formed a general alliance.
Which two wars did the Greek city-states win together?
The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …
What enemy did the city-states unite to fight against?
The Greeks were made up of a number of city-states such as Sparta and Athens. Typically these city-states fought each other, but they united to fight against the Persians. The Ionians were Greeks that lived along the coast of Turkey. They were conquered by the Persians.
Why did Greek city-states fight wars against each other?
These city-states – Athens , Sparta , Corinth , Thebes – were always fighting each other over their borders. Often they would get together in leagues, a lot of city-states together, to fight as allies. Sometimes other people invaded Greece , and then there would be wars to defend the city-states from the invaders.
Why did Greek city-states fight each other?
The city-states fought each other to steal the wheat harvest. They took slaves too. If there was a poor wheat crop, there was no good reason to go to war.
Why did the city-states of ancient Greece unite together?
The sea was often the easiest way to move from place to place. Another reason city-states formed, rather than a central, all-encompassing monarchy, was that the Greek aristocracy strove to maintain their city-states’ independence and to unseat any potential tyrants.
Who beat the Persian Empire?
One of history’s first true super powers, the Persian Empire stretched from the borders of India down through Egypt and up to the northern borders of Greece. But Persia’s rule as a dominant empire would finally be brought to an end by a brilliant military and political strategist, Alexander the Great.
What are the 5 Greek city-states?
Ancient Greek city-states are known as polis. Although there were numerous city-states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.
Who won the Athens and Sparta war?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
Who fought in the Battle of Thermopylae?
The Battle of Thermopylae (/θərˈmɒpɪliː/ thər-MOP-i-lee; Greek: Μάχη τῶν Θερμοπυλῶν, Máchē tōn Thermopylōn) was fought between an alliance of Ancient Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas I of Sparta, and the Achaemenid Empire of Xerxes I. It was fought in 480 BC over the course of three days, during the second …
How many Greeks fought in the battle of Plataea?
According to Herodotus, there were a total of 69,500 lightly armed troops – 35,000 helots and 34,500 troops from the rest of Greece; roughly one per hoplite.
When did the city-states unite?
The city-state of Rhodes was formed in 408 BC on a Greek island when three smaller cities (Ialyssos, Kamiros, and Lindos) decided to unite and make one large city.
Why did the city-states in the Delian League revolt against Athens?
Why did city-states in the Delian League revolt against Athens? … They feared that Athens could not protect them from Persia. They worried that Athens would not stop an attack by Sparta.
Why were Athens and Sparta rivals?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.