Who was at the bottom of the Greek social hierarchy?

The lower class of people were just one step above the slaves. In fact, many were once slaves that had gained their freedom. They had even fewer rights than the middle class. And finally, slaves were at the bottom of the social hierarchy.

What group of people was at the bottom of the social structure in ancient Greece?

Below the metics were the freedmen or commoners of society. This group was made up of former slaves who had won their freedom and gained some basic legal and social privileges. At the very bottom of society were the slaves.

What were the lower class Greeks called?

geōmoroi, also called agroikoi or geōrgoi, class of citizens in ancient Greek society. In 7th-century-bce Attic society, geōmoroi were freemen, generally peasant farm holders, lower on the social and political scale than the eupatridae, the aristocracy, but above the dēmiourgoi, the artisans.

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Who was lowest on the social hierarchy in Athens?

Wealth and land ownership was not typically concentrated in the hands of a few people. In fact, 71-73% of the citizen population owned 60-65% of the land. By contrast, thetes occupied the lowest social class of citizens in Athens. Thetes worked for wages or had less than 200 medimnoi as yearly income.

What are the social classes in Greece?

Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).

Who were citizens in ancient Greece?

The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.

What was the social hierarchy in the Middle Ages?

After the rank of king, the hierarchy was the nobles, the knights, the clergy (religious people), the tradesmen and the peasants. One of the most unifying elements of the Middle Ages was the Roman Catholic Church.

What was the social hierarchy in ancient Rome?

The social hierarchy of ancient Rome was pretty strict. At the top was the emperor. Patricians were the people just below the emperor and included the wealthy, the nobles, and the members of government.

What was Sparta social structure?

Spartan Society

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.

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What were the social classes in ancient Rome?

Society was divided in two classes – the upper-class Patricians and the working-class Plebeians – whose social standing and rights under the law were initially rigidly defined in favor of the upper class until the period characterized by the Conflict of the Orders (c.

What was Athens social hierarchy?

Ancient Athens had a social hierarchy that consisted of the Upper Class, the Middle Class, the Metics, and the Slaves.

What were the 4 main classes in order within Sparta?

Inhabitants were classified as Spartiates (Spartan citizens, who enjoyed full rights), Mothakes (non-Spartan, free men raised as Spartans), Perioikoi (free, but non-citizen inhabitants), and Helots (state-owned serfs, part of the enslaved non-Spartan, local population).

Is lower class and working class the same?

Lower class (occasionally described as working class) are those employed in low-paying wage jobs with very little economic security. The term “lower class” also refers to persons with low income.

What is social class determined by?

Most sociologists define social class as a grouping based on similar social factors like wealth, income, education, and occupation. These factors affect how much power and prestige a person has.

What is the name for members of the upper class who were large landowners and dominated the political life of their city states?

The aristocrats were often split into powerful family factions or clans who controlled all of the important political positions in the polis. Their wealth came from having property and even more importantly, the best land, i.e.: the most fertile and the closest to the protection offered by the city walls.

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Did ancient Athens have social mobility?

However, while extensive studies of social mobility exist for Sparta and Rome, only restricted (mainly economic) aspects of social mobility in ancient Athens have been considered, and then only incidentally.