The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politician—”the first citizen” of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.
Who was important in Athens?
Under Pericles, Athens entered its golden age and great thinkers, writers, and artists flourished in the city. Herodotus (l. c. 484-425/423 BCE), the “father of history”, lived and wrote in Athens. Socrates (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE), the “father of philosophy”, taught in the marketplace.
Who ruled ancient Athens?
Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws.
What was Athens government?
1. Alexander the Great (356 BC–323 BC)
Who was the first ruler of Greece?
Otto, also called Otto von Wittelsbach, (born June 1, 1815, Salzburg, Austria—died July 26, 1867, Bamberg, Bavaria [Germany]), first king of the modern Greek state (1832–62), who governed his country autocratically until he was forced to become a constitutional monarch in 1843.
Who was the last king of Athens?
Codrus, traditionally the last king of Athens, but there is some doubt as to whether he was a historical personage. According to the legend, Codrus was the son of Melanthus of Pylos, who went to Attica as a refugee from the Dorian invaders (11th century bc).
How was Sparta governed?
Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.
Who was a Democratic leader of Athens?
Pericles was an Athenian statesman. Under his leadership Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire flourished, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece between the Greco-Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
Who was most influential in Greek history?
Top 15 Influential Ancient Greeks
- Alexander the Great. Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας), was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece.
- Socrates. Socrates was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. …
- Homer. …
- Aristotle. …
- Plato. …
- Pericles. …
- Pythagoras. …
- Archimedes. …
Who defeated Alexander the Great?
King Porus of Paurava blocked Alexander’s advance at a ford on the Hydaspes River (now the Jhelum) in the Punjab. The forces were numerically quite evenly balanced, although Alexander had more cavalry and Porus fielded 200 war elephants.
What is a Greek ruler called?
Archon (Greek: ἄρχων, romanized: árchōn, plural: ἄρχοντες, árchontes) is a Greek word that means “ruler”, frequently used as the title of a specific public office.