Why did Pericles build the Acropolis of Athens?

Pericles now embarked on a policy designed to secure Athens’s cultural and political leadership in Greece. … Tribute was to continue, and Athens would draw heavily on the reserves of the alliance for a magnificent building program centred on the Acropolis.

Why did Pericles build the Acropolis?

Pericles is perhaps most famous for his great building projects. He wanted to establish Athens as the leader of the Greek world and wanted to build an acropolis that represented the city’s glory. He rebuilt many temples on the acropolis that were destroyed by the Persians.

Why was Acropolis of Athens built?

This was during the reign of Pericles. The rule of Pericles was considered a “golden age” for Athens because of the peace and wealth he brought to the city. The buildings on the Acropolis were built as a monument to the greatness of Athens. … It was built to honor the goddess Athena, for whom the city is named.

Did Pericles create the Acropolis?

The Greeks – Pericles. In 447 Pericles began the project he is most famous for: the building program on the Acropolis. … The most ambitious building program in Greek history, the building of the Parthenon was Pericles’ greatest triumph and he oversaw the project personally.

IT\'S FUNNING:  How did Greek and Roman mythology start?

What did Pericles do to the Acropolis?

However, his most memorable feat was erecting the Acropolis in Athens. The Acropolis was a collection of public buildings and temples set atop a hill. Pericles himself oversaw the building of the Parthenon, at the Acropolis in Athens, which took 15 years to complete. In 431 B.C.E.

What is the acropolis of Pericles?

The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historical significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.

Acropolis of Athens.

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Buffer zone 116.71 ha

What was Pericles building program?

The Periclean building program. Pericles proposed a building program soon after the Greco-Persian wars, which had left much of Athens in ruins. The program’s chief aim was to restore various Athenian temples as a reminder of the hubris of the Persians.

What is the main reason why the Acropolis is important to Greek architecture?

Over the centuries, the Acropolis was many things: a home to kings, a citadel, a mythical home of the gods, a religious center and a tourist attraction. It has withstood bombardment, massive earthquakes and vandalism yet still stands as a reminder of the rich history of Greece.

What is the importance of the Acropolis?

The Acropolis of Athens and its monuments are universal symbols of the classical spirit and civilization and form the greatest architectural and artistic complex bequeathed by Greek Antiquity to the world.

What does the Acropolis symbolize?

The Acropolis, and the Parthenon in particular, is the most iconic monument of the ancient Greek civilisation. It continues to stand as a symbol in many ways: it is the symbol of democracy and the Greek civilisation. It also symbolises the beginning of Western civilisation and stands as the icon of European culture.

IT\'S FUNNING:  Best answer: What dangerous animals lived in ancient Greece?

How did Pericles help Athens?

Pericles sponsored buildings, arts, and education in Athens. It was during this era that the city developed the reputation for being the intellectual center of the ancient world. Under Pericles, Athens developed its Acropolis, the elevated citadel that held the most important buildings, temples, and markets.

How did Pericles improve the Athenian empire?

Pericles strengthened democracy in Athens by paying public officials. Pericles expanded the empire by building a strong naval fleet. Pericles rebuilt and beautified Athens.

What were Pericles accomplishments?

495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece. His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in 447.

What were Pericles three goals for Athens?

that this period often is called the Age of Pericles. He had three goals: (1) to strengthen Athenian democracy, (2) to hold and strengthen the empire, and (3) to glorify Athens.

What buildings did Pericles build?

The two most conspicuous monuments constructed on the acropolis under Pericles’ program were a huge marble temple of Athena (called the Parthenon) and a mammoth gate building (called the propylaia32) straddling the western entrance to the acropolis.

When did Pericles rule Athens?

Ancient Greek statesman Pericles, leader of Athens from 460–429 B.C., organized the construction of the Parthenon and developed a democracy based on majority rule.