Why did the location of Greek settlements allow contact with other civilizations?
Because if they were near the sea, they would have good crops, lots of trade, and easy travel. What conditions allowed the Spartans to create a professional army?
Where were the Greek settlements located?
In the 7th century, many colonies were founded in Ionia, Southern Italy, Thrace and on the Black Sea. Other Greek colonies were founded on the coast of Gaul, on the Cyrenaica peninsula in Africa and also in Egypt. In this burst of colonial expansion cities such as Corinth, Miletus, Megara and Phocaea took the lead.
How did Greece’s location affect settlement?
Greece’s steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. Travel by land was hard, and sea voyages were hazardous. Most ancient Greeks farmed, but good land and water were scarce. … Many ancient Greeks sailed across the sea to found colonies that helped spread Greek culture.
Why did the Greeks settle in colonies?
The ancient Greeks were sailors and explorers, settling regions around the Mediterranean Sea. The Greeks began founding colonies as far back as 900 to 700 B.C.E. These colonies were founded to provide a release for Greek overpopulation, land hunger, and political unrest. … Colonies were a solution to this problem.
Why did some Greek settlements fight each other?
Greek settlements often fought with each other because there was a shortage of land. … Greek communities started colonies because they needed more farmland to feed their people.
Why did some ancient Greek settlements trade?
Many Greek settlements on the mainland relied on trade with each other to get needed goods. Some had enough farmland to meet their own needs, so they were less dependent on trade. The Greeks traded among the city-states, with Greek colonies, and in the wider Mediterranean region.
Why were most Greek settlements located in coastal regions?
The ancient Greeks started colonies primarily because they needed more farmland to raise enough crops to feed their people. … Colonies were located in Asia Minor (Turkey), Spain, France, Italy, Africa, and along the coast of the Black Sea.
Why were such locations chosen?
Why were such locations chosen as settlements? Those locations were chosen for their natural harbors and good farmland. … The mountains were hard to cross, and land travel was difficult, so most shipping of goods was done by water.
What was the main reason that Athens and Sparta fought the Peloponnesian War?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
How did Greece’s geography affect Greek development?
The mountains isolated Greeks from one another, which caused Greek communities to develop their own way of life. Greece is made up of many mountains, isolated valleys, and small islands. This geography prevented the Greeks from building a large empire like that of Egypt or Mesopotamia.
What are three reasons why travel was challenging in ancient Greece?
Travel by land in ancient Greece was difficult. Roads were nothing more than dirt paths that were dry and dusty during the summer and muddy during the winters. Some roads were cut with ruts so that the wheels of carts could roll within them. Rich people could rent or own horses for travel.
How did settlers of ancient Greece adapt to the climate and geography of the mountainous regions?
How did settlers of ancient Greece adapt to the climate and geography of the mountainous regions? … – They developed extensive trade routes through the mountains. – They used fertile mountain farmland for growing grapes and olives. They used the mountains for raising sheep and goats.
How did Greece expand?
This period was shaped by the Greco-Persian Wars, the Peloponnesian War, and the Rise of Macedon. Following the Classical period was the Hellenistic period (323–146 BC), during which Greek culture and power expanded into the Near and Middle East from the death of Alexander until the Roman conquest.
Where did Greek city-states establish colonies?
Where did the Greek city-states establish colonies? The Greek city-states established colonies in Italy, Africa, and Byzantium.