The Dark Age was a transitional period between the fall of Mycenaean Greece of the Bronze Age, and Archaic Greece of the Iron Age. This period is called the Dark Age because the palaces that ruled the Mycenaean age collapsed, and with them fell civilization in mainland Greece.
What caused the Dark Age of Greece?
Many explanations attribute the fall of the Mycenaean civilization and the Bronze Age collapse to an invasion by Dorians or by the Sea Peoples, or even by a natural disaster, or climate changes, but no single explanation fits the available archaeological evidence.
Who came after the mycenaeans?
|Alternative names||Mycenaean civilization|
|Characteristics||Palace-centric administrative system and culture Cyclopean masonry Linear B script records of the Greek language|
|Preceded by||Minoan civilization, Korakou culture, Tiryns culture|
|Followed by||Greek Dark Ages|
What ended the dark age in Greece?
Chronology of the Greek Dark Age
Some scholars have proposed a date between c. 1200 BCE and c. 800 BCE for the Greek Dark Age. Others believe that it begins in c.
What ended the Mycenaean civilization?
For many years, the prevailing theory on how the Mycenaean civilisation collapsed was that devastating earthquakes led to the destruction of its palaces in the Peloponnese, southern Greece around 1,200 BC.
What was the purpose of the Agora?
agora, in ancient Greek cities, an open space that served as a meeting ground for various activities of the citizens. The name, first found in the works of Homer, connotes both the assembly of the people as well as the physical setting.
What caused the dark age?
– The Dark ages began at the end of the Roman Empire, which was also a time when a global cold front swept across the earth, making farming difficult and causing groups of people to die out. – As the Roman Empire fell apart, new groups of people (Barbarians) scattered across the land.
What happened to Greece after the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization?
After the fall of the Mycenaeans, Greece entered into a dark age. The Greek Dark Age was a period of decline, famine, and lower population throughout the region. This period lasted from around 1100 BC to 800 BC. The civilization that is often referred to as “Ancient Greece” began around 800 BC.
What period is Dark Ages?
Migration period, also called Dark Ages or Early Middle Ages, the early medieval period of western European history—specifically, the time (476–800 ce) when there was no Roman (or Holy Roman) emperor in the West or, more generally, the period between about 500 and 1000, which was marked by frequent warfare and a …
How did culture change during the Greek Dark Ages?
Cultural aspects of the civilization suffered, as literacy was all but lost and pottery regressed back to earlier, more primitive styles. However, the Greeks never forgot who they were, and as they began to claw back from obscurity, they began to develop some of their greatest ideas along the way.
Why was it called Dark Ages?
The term ‘Dark Ages’ was coined by an Italian scholar named Francesco Petrarch. … The term thus evolved as a designation for the supposed lack of culture and advancement in Europe during the medieval period. The term generally has a negative connotation.
What details are known about the Greek Dark Age?
The Dark Ages are the interval between the collapse of the old Mycenaean civilization, which was around 1200 B.C., and the Archaic, which happened circa 800 B.C. Almost all dominant Mycenaean settlements except for Athens, collapsed, and this led to many Greek people suffering.
How did the Mycenaean civilization develop?
The Mycenaeans were originally a war-like people that had emerged out of earlier settlement from interaction with the Minoans, a Greek-speaking group from Crete. Ultimately, the Mycenaean Greeks would conquer the Minoans and become culturally dominant.
What period occurred after the fall of the mycenaeans describe this period?
With the mysterious end of the Mycenaean civilization and the so-called Bronze Age Collapse in the ancient Aegean and wider Mediterranean, there came the ‘Dark Ages’ (another extreme label for a period which was perhaps not as dark as all that) and, although some sites began to revive from the 10th century BCE, it …
What happened in the Mycenaean period?
Around the year 1200 BCE the Mycenaean civilization shows signs of decline. By 1100 it was extinguished. The palaces were destroyed, and their system of writing, their art, and their way of life were gone. … According to Greek legends, they were replaced by half-civilized Dorian invaders from the north.
What is Mycenae known for?
Mycenae is perhaps best known in mythology as the city of Agamemnon, the son of Atreus. King Agamemnon led the expedition against Troy during the Trojan War, which Homer accounted in his epic poem the Iliad.