How many cases are there in Greek grammar?
In Ancient Greek, all nouns are classified according to grammatical gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) and are used in a number (singular, dual, or plural). According to their function in a sentence, their form changes to one of the five cases (nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, or dative).
How many cases does modern Greek have?
Modern Greek has four cases: Nominative, for subjects of sentences; in Greek: Ονομαστική Genitive, denoting possession; in Greek: Γενική Accusative, for objects (direct & indirect) of sentences; in Greek: Αιτιατική
What are declensions in Greek?
Almost all Greek nouns belong to one of three INFLECTION patterns, called the FIRST DECLENSION, SECOND DECLENSION, and THIRD DECLENSION. Each represents a particular set of CASE ENDINGS for gender, number, and case. So far, we have encountered only THIRD DECLENSION nouns. This lesson introduces FIRST DECLENSION nouns.
What does case mean in Greek?
The genitive case denotes possession. A noun, pronoun, or adjective in the genitive case is often used as a possessive form or the object of a preposition. The genitive case is used much like in the English language with words such as: “my,” “your,” “his,” “hers.” A genitive often follows after the noun it qualifies.
What are the four cases in Greek?
Although there were five cases in ancient Greek, the modern Greek language only uses four of them: Nominative (Ονομαστική), Genitive (Γενική), Accusative (Αιτιατική), Vocative (Κλητική).
What are Latin cases?
There are 6 distinct cases in Latin: Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Ablative, and Vocative; and there are vestiges of a seventh, the Locative.
How many Greek tenses are there?
In the indicative mood there are seven tenses: present, imperfect, future, aorist (the equivalent of past simple), perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect. (The last two, especially the future perfect, are rarely used).
How many genders are there in Greek?
Modern Greek maintains three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter.
Do Greek words have gender?
In the Greek language, there are three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Each noun in Greek has a specific gender and—unlike in English—these genders don’t only apply exclusively to nouns referring to people, but also to nouns that refer to things or animals.
What is dative case Greek?
The dative case denotes an indirect object (translated as “to …” or “for …”); means or agency, especially impersonal means (translated as “by …”); or a location.
How many cases does English have?
It’s its.” Case refers to the form a word takes and its function in a sentence. The English language has just three cases: subjective, possessive and objective. Most nouns, many indefinite pronouns and “it” and“you” have distinctive forms only for the possessive case.
How many Greek articles are there?
In English, there are two articles: “the” is the definite article, and “a” is the indefinite article. Greek has only one article – since there are 24 forms for it, they couldn’t afford a second one.
Does Greek have ablative case?
Greek. In Ancient Greek, there was an ablative case αφαιρετική afairetikē which was used in the Homeric, pre-Mycenaean, and Mycenean periods. … The genitive case with the prepositions ἀπό apó “away from” and ἐκ/ἐξ ek/ex “out of” is an example.
What is nominative case with examples?
The nominative case is a grammatical case for nouns and pronouns. The case is used when a noun or a pronoun is used as the subject of a verb. Nominative Case Examples: Sharon ate pie.
What are genitive and dative cases?
Genitive: The possession case; used to indicate ownership. … Dative / Instrumental: The indirect object and prepositional case; used to indicate indirect receivers of action and objects of prepositions. Also used to indicate things that are being used (“instruments”).